XCVII (Howitzer) Brigade

This unit was formed as part of the raising of the Third New Army, K3. It is also sometimes shown as 97 Brigade RFA.


  • This brigade was originally comprised of A, B, C and D (Howitzer) Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was placed under command of the 21st Division. The brigade then remained with the division until it was broken up in August 1916: you can see details of its battles and movements on the page describing the division.
    • The Brigade Ammunition Column left on 11 May 1916 to merge with others in the divisional artillery to form the 21st Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 5 December 1915 D (Howitzer) Battery left to join 2nd Canadian Division and joined 131 Brigade as its A (Howitzer) Battery.
    • Between 15 and 20 May 1916 the rest of the brigade was reorganised: A, B and C (Howitzer) Batteries all left and became the D (Howitzer) Batteries of 94, 95 and 96 Brigades respectively (all within 21st Division). They were replaced by A Battery from 95 Brigade, B Battery from 94 Brigade and C Battery from 96 Brigade, which became this brigade's new A, B and C Batteries.
    • The brigade was broken up between 28 and 31 August 1916. A Battery went to 95 Brigade; B Battery sent two-gun sections to A and B Batteries of 94 Brigade; and C Battery sent two-gun sections to the C Batteries of 94 and 95 Brigade.

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