LXXVII (Howitzer) Brigade

This unit was formed as part of the raising of the Second New Army, K2. It is also sometimes shown as 77 Brigade RFA.

History

  • This brigade was originally comprised of numbers 241, 242 and 243 (Howitzer) Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was placed under command of the 16th (Irish) Division.
    • On 23 January 1915 the three six-gun batteries were reorganised to become four four-gun batteries and were titled as A, B, C and D.
  • The brigade did not go to France with the division. It left Fermoy on 30 July 1915 and moved to Salisbury Plain before going to Aldershot during August. It was there equipped with 4.5-inch howitzers. On 4 december 1915 it moved to Bordon camp.
  • The brigade landed at Le Havre on 17 and 18 February 1916 and rejoined its division.
    • On 2 June 1916 A, B and D Batteries left and became the D Batteries of 180, 182 and 177 Brigades RFA respectively. C Battery was renamed as D Battery. The D (Howitzer) Batteries arrived from 177, 180 and 182 Brigades RFA and became A, B and C Battery respectively.
    • The brigade was reorganised on 25 August 1916. A Battery was broken up, with a section of two guns going to each of B and C. C Battery was then renamed as A. D Battery joined from 182 Brigade RFA and became this brigade's new C Battery.
  • The brigade left the division to become an Army Brigade on 22 June 1917.
    • At the same time, D Battery was broken up, with a section of two howitzers going to the D Batteries of 177 and 180 Brigades. C was then renamed as D and was joined by two howitzers arriving from C Battery of 172 Brigade RFA. A Battery joined from 172 Brigade and was renamed as C Battery.
    • A new Brigade Ammunition Column was formed by the arrival of elements of the 16th (Irish) and 36th (Ulster) Divisional Ammunition Columns.

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