LXVI Brigade

This unit was formed as part of the raising of the First New Army, K1. It is also sometimes shown as 66 Brigade RFA.

History

  • This brigade was originally comprised of numbers 208, 209 and 210 Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was placed under command of the 13th (Western) Division.
  • The brigade remained with 13th (Western) Division throughout the war: you can see details of its battles and movements on the page describing the division.
    • In February 1915 the three six-gun batteries were reorganised to become four four-gun batteries and were titled as A, B, C and D.
  • The division moved to the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force as part of the reinforcement of the Gallipoli theatre. 66 Brigade RFA sailed from Avonmouth on 17 June 1915, arrived at Alexandria (Egypt) on 4 July; re-embarked there on 21 July; trans-shipped at Mudros and landd at Cape Helles (Gallipoli) 26-28 July 1915.
  • The brigade was withdrawn from Gallipoli between 1 and 7 January 1916 and moved to Mudros, from where it sailed on 12 January for Alexandria. It disembarked on 18 January and arrived at Port Said on 29 January 1916.
  • The division was now ordered to join Indian Expeditionary Force 'D' for opertaions in Mesopotamia. It left Port Said on 15 February 1916 and arrived at Basra on 2-6 March. The brigade then proceeded up river and arrived at Sheikh Sa'ad on 20 March 1916.
    • On 23 November 1916 the brigade was joined by 72 (Heavy) Battery of the Royal Garrison Artillery, comprising four 4.5 inch howitzers and a section of an ammunition column). It had joined 13th (Western) Division on 24 August 1916 but underwent reorganisation before joining 66 Brigade RFA. It left the brigade on 17 June 1917, when one section of two howitzers went to 8 Brigade RFA and the other, plus the section of an ammunition column, went to 15th (Indian) Division.

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