CCLXXVI Brigade

This unit was formed in 1908 for the new Territorial Force. It is also sometimes shown as 2nd West Lancashire Brigade RFA or 276 Brigade RFA.

History

  • The 2nd West Lancashire Brigade RFA TF was based at the Drill Hall on Stanley Street, Liverpool. It comprised a headquarters, the 9th, 10th and 11th Lancashire Batteries and the Brigade Ammunition Column. The 10th Battery was based at Lancaster and the 11th at Blackpool. It was embodied when the army was mobilised on 4-5 August 1914.
  • The brigade came under orders of the West Lancashire Division. The division was in effect broken up when most of its infantry battalions were ordered independently to France in late 1914.
  • The divisional artillery including this brigade was placed under orders of the 2nd Canadian Division and crossed to France, landing at Le Havre on 1 October 1915. Before sailing, its 15-pounder field guns were replaced by modern 18-pounders.
  • The West Lancashire Division, now titled as the 55th (West Lancashire) Division, was ordered to re-form in France and the artillery rejoined it at Hallencourt between 2 and 4 January 1916.
  • A new "D" Battery was formed for the brigade on 7 May 1916.
  • On 15 May 1916 the brigade was given the number 276 and the 9th, 10th and 11th Lancashire Batteries became "A", "B" and "C" Batteries.
  • "D" Battery left to join 278 Brigade (and became its "B" Battery) on 23 May 1916. At the same time, "D" (Howitzer) Battery joined from 278 Brigade and became "D" Battery.
  • On 4 October 1916 "C" Battery was broken up, with sections going to "A" and "B" Batteries. On 8 October 1916 530 (Howitzer) Battery joined from England and became "C" Battery.

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