CCLXXV Brigade

This unit was formed in 1908 for the new Territorial Force. It is also sometimes shown as 1st West Lancashire Brigade RFA or 275 Brigade RFA.


  • The 1st West Lancashire Brigade RFA TF was based at Windsor Barracks, Spekeland Street, Liverpool. It comprised a headquarters, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Lancashire Batteries and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was embodied when the army was mobilised on 4-5 August 1914.
  • The brigade came under orders of the West Lancashire Division. The division was in effect broken up when most of its infantry battalions were ordered independently to France in late 1914.
  • The divisional artillery including this brigade was placed under orders of the 2nd Canadian Division and crossed to France, landing at Le Havre on 1 October 1915. Before sailing, its old 15-pounder field guns were replaced by modern 18-pounders.
  • The West Lancashire Division, now titled as the 55th (West Lancashire) Division, was ordered to re-form in France and the artillery rejoined it at Hallencourt between 2 and 4 January 1916.
  • A new "D" Battery was formed for the brigade on 7 May 1916.
  • On 15 May 1916 the brigade was given the number 275 and the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Lancashire Batteries became "A", "B" and "C" Batteries.
  • "D" Battery left to join 278 Brigade (and became its "A" Battery) on 23 May 1916. At the same time, "B" (Howitzer) Battery joined from 278 Brigade and became "D" Battery.
  • On 5 October 1916 "B" Battery was broken up, with sections going to "A" and "C" Batteries. Next day "A" BAttery of 278 Brigade joined and became "B" Battery.
  • "D" Battery grew from four to six howitzers on 18 January 1917 when joined by a section from "C" (Howitzer) Battery of 277 Brigade.

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