CXX Brigade

This unit is also sometimes shown as 120 Brigade RFA.


  • This brigade was originally raised under orders for the establishment of the 30th Division, one of the formations of the Fourth New Army. In April 1915 this New Army was broken up and 30th Division ceased to exist. (The 30th Division that replaced it was originally called the 37th Division and was from the Fifth New Army). At that point the brigade's name and personnel were transferred to the 38th (Welsh) Division, where they took over what had been originally raised as Number 1 (Cardiff) Battery.
  • The brigade was comprised of A, B, C and D Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. The batteries were all armed with four 18-pounder field guns. The brigade then remained with the 38th (Welsh) Division until August 1916: you can see details of its battles and movements on the page describing the division.
    • Between 15 and 21 May 1916 the Ammunition Column left, to be merged with the 38th Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 24 May 1916 B Battery left, becoming the B Battery of 122 Brigade. D Battery was renamed as B Battery. B (Howitzer) Battery joined from 122 Brigade and was renamed as D (Howitzer) Battery.
    • On 28-29 August 1916 the brigade was broken up. B Battery was split up, with its two-gun sections going to A Battery of this brigade and the other to B Battery of 122 Brigade, to bring them up to six guns each. At the same time, A Battery moved to 121 Brigade and C Battery went to 122 Brigade. D (Howitzer) Battery went to 119 Brigade and was renamed as its C (Howitzer) Battery.

Can't find what you are looking for? Run into a brick wall? Can't understand military documents? Benefit from the Long, Long Trail's professional service, fourteeneighteen|research.
fourteeneighteen logo

The Long, Long Trail is pleased to recommend Naval & Military Press, the home of military history books on the web.

The Long, Long Trail is pleased to recommend Battle Honours, the UK’s leading company offering battlefield tours, with the ability and experience to arrange tours for groups of all sizes.
Battle Honours logo

Visit the Long, Long Trail's bookstore: The Dugout