CXIII (Howitzer) Brigade

This unit was formed as part of the raising of the Third New Army, K3. It is also sometimes shown as 113 (Howitzer) Brigade RFA.

History

  • This brigade was originally comprised of A, B, C and D (Howitzer) Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was placed under command of the 25th Division. The batteries were all armed with four 4.5-inch howitzers. The brigade then remained with the division throughout the war until 14 February 1917: you can see details of its battles and movements on the page describing the division.
    • On 15 December 1915 B (Howitzer) Battery left to join 131 Brigade, then with 2nd Canadian Division.
    • On 26 May 1916 the Brigade Ammunition Column left, being merged into the 25th Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 31 May 1916 the brigade was reorganised. A, C and D (Howitzer) Batteries all left and became the D (Howitzer) Batteries of 110,111 and 112 Brigades respectively. They were replaced by the D Batteries (field gun units) from those brigades.
    • On 26-27 November 1916 the field gun batteries were made up to six guns each: C Battery was broken up and its two-gun sections went to A and B Batteries. Next day D (Howitzer) Battery joined from 111 Brigade and became C (Howitzer) Battery.
    • On 5 December 1916 507 (Howitzer) Battery joined from 7th Division and became D (Howitzer) Battery.
    • The brigade left 25th Division to become an Army Brigade on 14 February 1917. C (Howitzer) Battery was then broken up to bring the D (Howitzer) Batteries of 110 and 112 Brigades up to six howitzers each.
    • On 22 February 1917 B Battery (field guns) of 172 Brigade of 36th (Ulster) Division and became a new C Battery. A section of two joined from C (Howitzer) Battery of 172 Brigade and was used to bring D (Howitzer) Battery up to six howitzers.

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