CIX (Howitzer) Brigade

This unit was formed as part of the raising of the Third New Army, K3. It is also sometimes shown as 109 Brigade RFA.


  • This brigade was originally comprised of A, B, C and D (Howitzer) Batteries RFA and the Brigade Ammunition Column. It was placed under command of the 24th Division. The batteries were all armed with four 4.5-inch howitzers. The brigade then remained with the division until it was broken up on 3 October 1916: you can see details of its battles and movements on the page describing the division.
    • On 13 May the Brigade Ammunition Column left, being merged into the 24th Divisional Ammunition Column.
    • On 3 December 1915 C (Howitzer) Battery left to join 131 (Howitzer) Brigade of 2nd Canadian Division.
    • On 13 May 1916 the brigade was reorganised. A, B and D (Howitzer) Batteries all left to joinj106, 108 and 107 Brigades respectively, all becoming those brigades' D (Howitzer) Battery. The D Batteries (field gun units) of 106, 107 and 108 Brigades joined and became 109's new A, B and C Batteries respectively.
    • On 3 October 1916 the brigade wasbroken up. A Battery and half of B went to 106 Brigade; C Battery and the other half of B went to 107 Brigade; they were used to bring the batteries of those brigades up to six guns each.

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