The King's Own Scottish Borderers

Battalions of the Regular Army

1st Battalion
August 1914 : in Lucknow, India.
Returned to England on 28 December 1914 and came under orders of 87th Brigade, 29th Division. Moved to Rugby.
Sailed from Avonmouth on 18 March 1915 and landed at Cape Helles on Gallipoli 25 April 1915.
8 January 1916 : evacuated from Gallipoli and moved to Alexandra in Egypt.
18 March 1916 : arrived at Marseilles for service in France.

2nd Battalion
August 1914 : in Dublin. Part of 13th Brigade, 5th Division.
Landed at Le Havre 15 August 1914.

3rd (Reserve) Battalion
August 1914 : in Dumfries. A training unit, it remained in UK throughout the war. Moved on 9 August 1914 to Portland and Weymouth. Moved to Edinburgh in April 1915 and to Ireland in December 1917, initially going to Templemore. From May 1918 was at Claremorris.

Battalions of the Territorial Force

1/4th (Border) Battalion
August 1914 : in Galashiels. Part of South Scottish Brigade, Lowland Division. Moved to Cambusbarron (Stirling).
11 May 1915 : formation became 155th Brigade, 52nd (Lowland) Division.
Sailed from Liverpool on 24 May 1915 for service at Gallipoli. Landed 14 June 1915.
January 1916: moved via Mudros to Egypt.
17 April 1918 : moved with Division and landed at Marseilles for service in France.

1/5th (Dumfries & Galloway) Battalion
August 1914 : in Dumfries. Part of South Scottish Brigade, Lowland Division. Moved to Bannockburn (Stirling).
11 May 1915 : formation became 155th Brigade, 52nd (Lowland) Division.
Sailed from Liverpool on 24 May 1915 for service at Gallipoli. Landed 6 June 1915.
January 1916: moved via Mudros to Egypt.
17 April 1918 : moved with Division and landed at Marseilles for service in France.
28 June 1918 : transferred to 103rd Brigade, 34th Division.

2/4th (Border) Battalion
Formed at Galashiels in September 1914 as a home service ("second line") unit.
January 1915 : came under orders of 194th Brigade, 65th Division. Moved to Hawick in August 1915.
November 1915 : with 2/5th Bn, formed 14th Battalion.
January 1916 : absorbed in 2/5th Bn.

2/5th (Dumfries & Galloway) Battalion
Formed at Galashiels in September 1914 as a home service ("second line") unit.
January 1915 : came under orders of 194th Brigade, 65th Division. Moved to Rumbling Bridge in August 1915 and on to Falkirk in November 1915.
November 1915 : with 2/4th Bn, formed 14th Battalion.
January 1916 : absorbed the 2/4th Bn.
Moved to Chelmsford in February 1916 and on to Ireland in January 1917, initially at Ballykinler. Moved to the Curragh in July 1917 and disbanded there on 15 May 1918.

3/4th and 3/5th Battalions
Formed in January and March 1915, in Galashiels and Dumfries respectively, as a depot/training units. Moved to Ripon in early 1916.
8 April 1916 : became 4th and 5th Reserve Battalions.
1 September 1916 :4th absorbed 5th Reserve Bn at Catterick.
Moved to Dunfermline in October 1917 for duty with Forth Garrison.

Battalions of the New Armies

6th (Service) Battalion
Formed at Berwick-on-Tweed in August 1914 as part of K1 and came under orders of 28th Brigade in 9th (Scottish) Division.
Moved to Bordon and in March 1915 went on to Bramshott. Landed at Boulogne 12 May 1915.
6 May 1916 : transferred to 27th Brigade in same Division.

7th (Service) Battalion
Formed at Berwick-on-Tweed in September 1914 as part of K2 and came under orders of 46th Brigade in 15th (Scottish) Division. Moved to Bordon and in February 1915 went into billets at Winchester. Moved to Park House and Chisledon Camps (Salisbury Plain) in April 1915.
Landed at Boulogne 10 July 1915.
28 May 1916 : in Bethune, merged with 8th Bn to form 7/8th.

8th (Service) Battalion
Record same as 7th Bn.

9th (Reserve) Battalion
Formed at Portland in November 1914 as a Service Battalion of K4 and came under orders of 102nd Brigade, original 34th Division.
Moved to Dorchester in February 1915 but went on to Stobs in June and Catterick in October 1915.
10 April 1915 : became a Reserve Battalion and moved to Kinghorn.
1 September 1916 : converted into 53rd Training Reserve Battalion of 12th Reserve Brigade.

10th (Service) Battalion
Formed at France on 11 June 1918 when the 9th Garrison Guard Bn was renamed the 10th (Garrison) Bn. Came under orders of 120th Brigade, 40th Division
By 13 July 1918 : renamed 10th (Service) Bn.

Other Battalions

14th Battalion
The short-lived temporary name of the merged 2/4th and 2/5th Battalions, between November 1915 and January 1916.


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Related information

IWM
Men of the King's Own Scottish Borderers go into action in Cape Helles, Gallipoli, on 4 June 1915. From the Imperial War Museum collection, with my thanks.

Pic
The standard badge of the KOSB as depicted on a CWGC headstone. This is the grave of CSM John Skinner VC, 1st Battalion, who died on 17 March 1918. The citation to his Victoria Cross, awarded for his actions near Langemarck on 17 August 1917, reads, "For most conspicuous bravery and good leading. Whilst his company was attacking, machine gun fire opened on the left flank, delaying the advance. Although CSM Skinner was wounded in the head, he collected six men, and with great courage and determination worked round the left flank of three blockhouses from which the machine gun fire was coming, and succeeded in bombing and taking the first blockhouse single-handed; then, leading his six men towards the other two blockhouses, he skilfully cleared them, taking sixty prisoners, three machine guns, and two trench mortars. The dash and gallantry displayed by this warrant officer enabled the objective to be reached and consolidated". Image from "Sam Crawley's little box on the web", for which my thanks.

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In remembrance

This page is dedicated to the memory of men like

John Gardner, who enlisted in 1896 and saw service in the Boer War before going towar again;
James Sinclair, who served with 7th (Service) Battalion before going to the RE and the railways;
John Brown of 6th (Service) Battalion, who died on 26 or 27 March 1918; and
James Byers Morrison, serving with the 7/8th Battalion when he was reported killed at the age of 24 on 9 April 1917.

All of these men were researched in detail by Chris Baker at fourteeneighteen|research


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