The Heavy Batteries of the Royal Garrison Artillery

Heavy artillery

The role of the Heavy Battery

Heavy Batteries RGA were equipped with heavy guns, sending large calibre high explosive shells in fairly flat trajectory fire.The usual armaments were 60 pounder (5 ich) guns, although some had obsolescent 5 inch howitzers. As British artillery tactics developed, the Heavy Batteries were most often employed in destroying or neutralising the enemy artillery, as well as putting destructive fire down on strongpoints, dumps, store, roads and railways behind enemy lines. The armaments of each battery will be given as details are added.

The Regular and New Army Batteries

Heavy Battery First overseas Remarks
9th Heavy Battery France, 11 May 1915  
10th Gallipoli, July 1915  
11th East Africa, 8 February 1916  
12th France, 31 May 1915  
13th France, 2 June 1915 Later to Salonika
14th France, 20 May 1915  
15th Gallipoli, 11 July 1915 Later to Palestine
16th France, 10 June 1915  
17th France, 7 October 1915  
18th Egypt, 17 October 1915 Later to Salonika
19th France, 15 July 1915 Later to Italy
20th France, 7 August 1915  
21st France  
22nd France, 31 August 1915  
23rd France, 15 September 1915  
24th France, 9 September 1914  
25th Egypt, 11 January 1916 Later to France
26th France, 16 August 1914  
31st France, 22 August 1914  
35th France, 18 August 1914  
38th France, 30 March 1916  
48th France, 18 August 1914  
71st France, 14 February 1915  
72nd Mesopotamia, 20 December 1915 From India
77th Mesopotamia, 20 December 1915 From India
86th Mesopotamia, March 1915 From India. Captured at Kut, April 1916
2/86th Mesopotamia, 5 March 1916 From India
90th Gallipoli, June 1915 Later to France
91st Gallipoli, June 1915 Later to Palestine
92nd    
1/104th Mesopotamia, May 1915 From India. Captured at Kut, April 1916
2/104th Mesopotamia, 5 March 1916  
108th France, 17 August 1914  
109th France, 23 September 1914  
110th France, 20 September 1914  
111th France, 5 October 1914  
112th France, 5 October 1914  
113th France, 3 October 1914  
114th France, 3 October 1914  
115th France, 3 October 1914  
116th France, 3 October 1914  
117th France, April 1916  
118th France, 6 November 1914  
119th France, 6 November 1914  
120th France, 27 March 1916  
121st France, 14 February 1915  
122nd France, 8 March 1915  
123rd France, 8 March 1915  
124th France, April 1916  
125th France, April 1916  
126th France, April 1916  
127th France, May 1916  
128th France, March 1916  
129th France, 27 March 1916  
130th Egypt, 7 February 1916  
131st France, 9 March 1916  
132nd France, March 1916  
133rd France, 26 May 1916  
134th East Africa, 26 December 1915  
135th France, May 1916  
136th France, 31 May 1916  
137th France, April 1916  
138th France, 14 April 1916  
139th France, April 1916  
140th France, April 1916  
141st France, April 1916  
142nd France, 21 March 1916  
143rd Salonika, 25 July 1916  
144th France, 18 June 1916  
145th France, May 1916  
146th France, June 1916  
147th France, June 1916  
148th France, 17 July 1916  
149th France, 27 July 1916  
150th France, 18 June 1916 War diary extract on this site
151st France, 19 June 1916  
152nd France, 25 April 1916  
153rd Salonika, 25 July 1916  
154th France, 30 April 1916  
155th France, 31 May 1916 Later to Italy
156th France, June 1916  
157th Mesopotamia, 11 July 1916  
158th East Africa, 8 February 1916  
159th France, June 1916  
160th France, 30 July 1916  
161st France, 27 July 1916  
162nd France, 27 July 1916  
163rd France, 30 July 1916  
164th France, 30 August 1916  
165th France, August 1916  
166th    
167th France, 31 August 1916  
168th France, 28 August 1916  
169th France, 31 August 1916  
170th France, 31 August 1916  
171st France, 30 August 1916  
172nd France, 30 September 1916  
173rd France, 31 October 1916  
174th France, 1 November 1916  
175th France, 29 September 1916  
176th France, 29 September 1916  
177th Mesopotamia  
180th Salonika, 1 April 1917  
181st Salonika, January 1917  
182nd France, 29 September 1916  
183rd France, 30 September 1916  
184th France, 30 September 1916  
185th Salonika, 12 January 1917  
188th Salonika, 1 April 1917  
189th Egypt, 1 June 1917  
190th Salonika, 15 January 1917  
191st France, 18 January 1917  
192nd Salonika, 13 January 1917  
193rd France, 5 January 1917  
194th France, January 1917  
195th Egypt, 3 March 1917  
196th Salonika, 13 January 1917  
197th France, 19 November 1916  
198th France, 19 November 1916  
199th France, 22 February 1917  
200th France, 25 February 1917  
201st France, 19 January 1917  
202nd Egypt, May 1917  
203rd France, January 1917  
Richards Battery Formed in France, 16 June 1916  

The Territorial Batteries

Heavy Battery First overseas Remarks
1/1st Highland France, 3 May 1915  
1/1st Lowland France, 15 February 1916  
1/1st West Riding France, 16 April 1915  
1/1st London France, 2 March 1916  
1/2nd London France, 15 March 1915  
1/1st Welsh France, 2 March 1916  
1/1st Warwick France, 30 March 1915 Later to Italy
1/1st North Midland France, 28 February1915  
1/1st Essex France, 13 March 1916  
1/1st Kent France, 28 December 1915  
1/1st Northumbrian France, 20 April 1915  
1/1st Wessex France, 22 April 1916  
2/1st Lowland France, 28 May 1916  
2/1st North Midland France, 28 May 1916  
2/1st London Remained in UK (see 71st Division)  
2/2nd London Remained in UK (see 71st Division)  

The Canadian Batteries

Heavy Battery First overseas Remarks
1st Canadian France, 12 February 1915  
2nd Canadian France, 16 September 1915  

Source: Allocation of Heavy Batteries RGA. National Archives WO95/5494, with additions from Orders of Battle.

A note on titles

Once there were enough to require a higher organisation, the Heavy batteries were organised into Heavy Artillery Brigades. This title was altered to Heavy Artillery groups on 2 April 1916, but was changed back to Brigades on 17 December 1917. Having said that the two terms do seem to have been used quite interchangeably.