The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders

Battalions of the Regular Army

1st Battalion
August 1914 : in Edinburgh.
14 August 1914 : landed at Le Havre as Army Troops.
5 September 1914 : joined 1st Brigade in 1st Division.
19 March 1916 : when 1/4th Bn was disbanded (see below), some of its troops eventually joined the 1st Battalion.

2nd Battalion
August 1914 : in Poona, India. Returned to England, landing Devonport on 16 November 1914. Moved to Winchester and came under orders of 81st Brigade in 27th Division.
20 December 1914 : landed at Le Havre.
Moved to Salonika, arriving 5 December 1915.

3rd (Reserve) Battalion
August 1914 : at Inverness. A depot/training unit, it moved on mobilisation to Cromarty and then Invergordon. Moved to Birr (Ireland) in November 1917, going on in March 1918 to Ballyvonare, Limerick in April and later back to Ballyvonare.

Battalions of the Territorial Force

1/4th Battalion
August 1914 : at Inverness. Part of Seaforth & Cameron Brigade in the Highland Division. Moved to Bedford
20 February 1915 : left the Division and landed at Le Havre, and three days later joined 24th Brigade in 8th Division on the Western Front.
8 April 1915 : transferred to 21st Brigade in 7th Division.
20 December 1915 : transferred to 91st Brigade in same Division.
7 January 1916 : transferred to 154th Brigade in 51st (Highland) Division.
28 February 1916 : left the Division, moved to base and was disbanded. It is known that more than 300 of the 1/4th Battalion men were physically sent to join the 1st Entrenching Battalion, a collection of men of mixed regiments that was used to provide manual labour behind the lines, before the establishment of the Labour Corps in 1917. Just over 100 remained as a "Base", but what they actually did is unknown. Whatever was left of the old 1/4th joined the 1st Battalion in the field in late 1916.

2/4th Battalion
Formed at Inverness in September 1914 as a second line battalion.
January 1915 : attached to 2nd Seaforth & Cameron Highlanders Brigade, 2nd Highland Division. Moved to Fort George in April 1915 and Blair Atholl in July, going to Aberfeldy in October 1915.
October 1915 : formation became 191st Brigade in 64th (2nd Highland) Division.
Was called No 3 Battalion between November 1915 and January 1916.
Moved to Norwich in March 1916, going on to Blickling Park (June), Kelling (July) and Cromer (October 1916). Disbanded in February 1918.

3/4th Battalion
Formed at Inverness in April 1915 and moved to Ripon in November 1915.
8 April 1916 : renamed as Reserve Battalion at Ripon.
July 1916 : disbanded.

10th (Lovat's Scouts) Battalion
Formed in Cairo on 27 September 1916 from dismounted 1/1st and 1/2nd Lovat's Scouts (Yeomanry units).
20 October 1916 : moved to Salonika and there attached to 82nd Brigade in 27th Division.
June 1918 : left the Division and moved to France, attached to Lines of Communication.

Battalions of the New Armies

5th (Service) Battalion
Formed at Inverness in August 1914 as part of K1 and came under orders of 26th Brigade in 9th (Scottish) Division.
Moved to Aldershot and in February 1915 went to Bordon.
Landed at Boulogne on 10 May 1915.

6th (Service) Battalion
Formed at Inverness in September 1914 as part of K2 and came under orders of 45th Brigade in 15th (Scottish) Division. Moved to Aldershot and in November went to Bramshott.
Moved to Basingstoke in February 1915, then Chisledon in April.
10 July 1915 : landed at Boulogne.

7th (Service) Battalion
Formed at Inverness in September 1914. Moved to Aldershot in November 1914 and on 13 January 1915 came under orders of 44th Brigade in 15th (Scottish) Division. Moved to billets at Liphook in January 1915, then next month to Cirencester. Moved on to Chisledon in April 1915, then Tidworth in May.
9 July 1915 : landed at Boulogne.
10 June 1918 : reduced to cadre, with almost 400 troops being transferred to 6th Bn.
14 August 1918 : disbanded in France.

8th (Reserve) Battalion
Formed in Invergordon in November 1914 as a K4 Service Battalion, under comand of 101st Brigade in original 34th Division. Moved to Inverness in February 1915.
10 April 1915 : became a Reserve Battalion. Moved to Striling in March 1916.
1 September 1916 : converted into 40th Training Reserve Battalion of 9th Reserve Brigade at Stirling.

Other Battalions

9th (Labour) Battalion
Formed at Blairgowrie in August 1916.
Moved to France on 6 September 1916, attached to Lines of Communication.
Transferred as 7th and 8th Labour Companies to the Labour Corps in April 1917.

11th (Service) Battalion
10 June 1918 : the 6th Garrison Guard Bn - recently formed in France - joined the 120th Brigade in 40th Division. It was retitled on 13 July 1918.

1st (Home Service) Garrison Battalion
Formed in Invergordon in February 1917. In August 1917 became the 18th Bn, the Royal Defence Corps.

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Related information


The badge of the Cameron Highlanders as inscribed on a WW1 war grave. By user Lee Reynolds at flickr, with my thanks.


See more regimental titles here


In remembrance

This page is dedicated to the memory of men like

Willie Rollinson, one of the 1/4th men who were transferred to 1st Battalion;
John Booth, a Sheffield lad who volunteered for the Camerons, served with 1st Battalion and was wounded in September 1916;
Murdo McSwan, from the Isle of Skye who enlisted into 5th Battalion and died on 22 July 1915; and
Alexander Ross, who came through the Training Reserve into the Lovat's Scouts and Cameron Highlanders.

All of these men were researched in detail by Chris Baker at fourteeneighteen

There is no website for the regimental museum. The address is:
The Highlanders Regimental Museum
Fort George
Tel: 0131 310 8701

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