The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)

Battalions of the Regular Army

1st Battalion
August 1914: at Aldershot. Part of 1st Brigade in 1st Division.
Landed at Le Havre on 14 August 1914.

2nd Battalion
August 1914 : in Bareilly, India. Part of the Bareilly Brigade in Meerut Division.
21 September 1914 : Moved to France, landing at Marseilles on 12 October 1914.
26 September 1915 : amalgamated after heavy casualties with 1/4th Bn, which resumed its former identity in November 1915.
December 1915 : Moved to Mesopotamia, landing at Basra on 31 December 1915. Formation was by now renamed 21st Brigade, 7th Indian Division.
4 February 1916 : owing to heavy casualties, formed the Highland Battalion with 1st Bn, the Seaforth Highlanders.
12 July 1916 : resumed former title.
January 1918 : moved to Palestine, arriving Suez 13 January 1918.

3rd (Reserve) Battalion
August 1914 : in Perth. A depot/training unit, it remained in Scotland (at Nigg) until moving to Ireland in November 1917 (initially at Queenstown and then at the Curragh from March 1918).

Battalions of the Territorial Force

1/4th (City of Dundee) Battalion
August 1914 : in Dundee. Part of Black Watch Brigade, unallocated to a Division.
26 February 1915 : landed at Le Havre and on the 4 March 1915 joined the Bareilly Brigade in the Meerut Division.
26 September 1915 : amalgamated with 2nd Bn.
Resumed identity November 1915.
6 November 1915 : transferred to 139th Brigade in 46th (North Midland) Division.
14 November 1915 : transferred to 44th Brigade in 15th (Scottish) Division.
7 January 1916 : transferred to 154th Brigade in 51st (Highland) Division.
29 February 1916 : transferred to 118th Brigade in 39th Division.
15 March 1916 : amalgamated with 1/5th Bn to form the 4/5th Bn.
14 May 1918 : transferred to 46th Brigade in 15th (Scottish) Division.
5 June 1918 : transferred to 44th Brigade in same Division.

1/5th (Angus and Dundee) Battalion
August 1914 : in Arbroath. Part of Black Watch Brigade, unallocated to a Division.
2 November 1914 : landed at Le Havre.
13 November 1914 : attached to 24th Brigade in 8th Division.
18 October 1915 : converted into Pioneer Battalion to same Division.
6 January 1916 : converted back to infantry and transferred to 154th Brigade in 51st (Highland) Division.
29 February 1916 : transferred to 118th Brigade in 39th Division.
15 March 1916 : amalgamated with 1/4th Bn to form the 4/5th Bn.

1/6th (Perthshire) Battalion
August 1914 : in Perth. Part of Black Watch Brigade, unallocated to a Division. Moved to Queensferry on Forth Defences.
Moved to Tay Defences in November 1914.
16 April 1915 : moved to Bedford and attached to 2nd Highland Brigade in Highland Division.
Landed at Boulogne on 2 May 1915.
12 May 1915 : formation became 153rd Brigade in 51st (Highland) Division.

1/7th (Fife) Battalion
August 1914 : in St Andrews. record same as 1/6th Bn.

2/4th (City of Dundee) Battalion
Formed at Dundee in September 1914 as a second line unit. Moved to Broughty Ferry on Tay Defences.
January 1915 : moved to Hawick and attached to 2nd Seaforth & Cameron Highlanders Brigade in 2nd Highland Division.
Moved to Bridge of Earn mid 1915.
October 1915 : formation became 191st Brigade in 64th Division at Auchterarder.
November 1915 :absorbed 2/5th Bn. Moved to Norwich in May 1916 and soon on to Kelling Heath.
Disbanded on 19 December 1917.

2/5th (Angus and Dundee) Battalion
Formed at Forfar in September 1914 as a second line unit.
Moved to Hawick and then Roxburgh and by spring 1915 was on Clyde defences.
After moving to Bridge of Earn mid 1915, record same as 2/4th Bn.
November 1915: absorbed into 2/4th Bn.

2/6th (Perthshire) Battalion
Formed at Perth in September 1914 as a second line unit.
January 1915 : moved to Hawick and attached to 2nd Gordon Highlanders Brigade in 2nd Highland Division.
Moved to Bridge of Earn mid 1915.
October 1915 : transferred to 192nd Brigade in 64th Division and moved to Blairgowrie. Moved to Norwich in March 1916 then Taverham. Was at North Walsham in summer 1917.
Disbanded in September 1917.

2/7th (Fife) Battalion
Formed at St Andrews in September 1914 as a second line unit.
January 1915 : moved to Hawick and attached to 2nd Gordon Highlanders Brigade, 2nd Highland Division.
Moved to Kinghorn in April 1915 and Bridge of Earn mid 1915.
October 1915 : transferred to 192nd Brigade, 64th Division and moved to Grangemouth. Moved to Norwich in March 1916 then Taverham. Was at North Walsham in summer 1917.
Disbanded in April 1918.

3/4th, 3/5th, 3/6th and 3/7th Battalions
Formed at home bases in March and April 1915. All moved to Bridge of Earn and later in 1915 to Ripon.
8 April 1916 : renamed 4th to 7th Reserve Bns; on 1 September 1916 4th absorbed all others.
Moved to Edinburgh in May 1918.

13th (Scottish Horse Yeomanry) Battalion
1 October 1916 : Formed at Abbassia in Egypt from three dismounted Yeomanry Regiments, the 1st and 2nd Scottish Horse and details from the 3rd.
Moved to Salonika, arriving 21 October 1916.
21 October 1916 : came under command of 81st Brigade in 27th Division.
June 1918 : moved to France.
15 July 1918 : transferred to 149th Brigade in 50th (Northumbrian) Division.

14th (Fife & Forfar Yeomanry) Battalion
Formed in Moascar in Egypt on 21 December 1916 from the dismounted troops of the Fife & Forfar Yeomanry.
21 December 1916 : came under command of 229th Brigade in 74th (Yeomanry) Division.
Landed at Marseilles on 7 May 1918.

Battalions of the New Armies

8th (Service) Battalion
Formed at Perth on 21 August 1914 as part of K1 and came under command of 26th Brigade in 9th (Scottish) Division. Moved to Aldershot.
In January 1915 went on to Alton and in March to Bordon.
Landed at Boulogne on 10 March 1915.

9th (Service) Battalion
Formed at Perth on 13 September 1914 as part of K2 and came under command of 44th Brigade in 15th (Scottish) Division.
Moved to Aldershot, Liss, Chisledon, and Tidworth by May 1915.
Landed at Boulogne on 8 July 1915.
7 February 1918 : transferred to 46th Brigade in same Division.
19 May 1916 : reduced to cadre strength.
21 May 1918 : transferred to 118th Brigade in 39th Division.
17 June 1918 : transferred to 16th (Irish) Division. Recrossed to England.
19 June 1918 : reconstituted, absorbing the 15th Bn.
2 July 1918 : transferred to 47th Brigade in same Division.
Landed at Boulogne on 28 July 1918.

10th (Service) Battalion
Formed at Perth on 13 September 1914 as part of K3 and came under command of 77th Brigade in 26th Division.
Moved to Salisbury Plain, Bristol, Sutton Veny.
Landed at Boulogne 20 September 1915.
Moved to Salonika in November 1915.
July 1918 : left the Division and moved to France.
21 July 1918 : attached to 197th Brigade in 66th (2nd East Lancashire) Division.
15 October 1918 : disbanded in France.

11th (Reserve) Battalion
Formed in Perth in October 1914 as a Service battalion, part of K4. Came under command of 101st Brigade in the original 34th Division. Moved to Nigg.
April 1915 : converted into a Reserve battalion. Moved to Tain and in October 1915 to Catterick. Moved again in May 1916 to Dunfermline.
1 September 1916 : became 38th Training Reserve Battalion of 9th Reserve Brigade.

Other Battalions

12th (Labour) Battalion
Formed in Blairgowrie in May 1916. Moved to France June 1916. In April 1917 it became the 5th and 6th Labour Coys of the Labour Corps.

15th Battalion
Formed in Deal, Kent on 1 June 1918 but soon absorbed by 9th Bn.