The Army Service Corps of 1914-1918

This section of the Long, Long Trail will be helpful for anyone wishing to find out about the history of the units of the Army Service Corps. Note that the ASC is the same as the RASC: it received the Royal prefix in late 1918.


The unsung heroes of the British army in the Great War - the ASC, Ally Sloper's Cavalry. Soldiers can not fight without food, equipment and ammunition. In the Great War, the vast majority of this tonnage, supplying a vast army on many fronts, was supplied from Britain. Using horsed and motor vehicles, railways and waterways, the ASC performed prodigious feats of logistics and were one of the great strengths of organisation by which the war was won.

Who or what was Ally Sloper?

At peak, the ASC numbered an incredible 10,547 officers and 315,334 men. In addition were tens of thousands of Indian, Egyptian, Chinese and other native labourers, carriers and stores men, under orders of the ASC. Yet this vast, sprawling organisation - so vital to enabling the army to fight - merits just four mentions in the Official History of the war.


The organisation of the ASC

The ASC was organised into Companies, each fulfilling a specific role. Some were under orders of or attached to the Divisions of the army; the rest were under direct orders of the higher formations of Corps, Army or the GHQ of the army in each theatre of war.


The organisation of the Lines of Communication

"Lines of Communication" was an army term used to describe what today we might call the army's logistics: the supply lines from port to front line, and the camps, stores, dumps, workshops of the rear areas.

It is difficult to comprehend just what supply to an army that in France alone built up to more than 2 million men actually means. Here are some statistics that give an idea:

  Size of forces on Western Front Monthly issues in lbs (Pounds weight) or Gallons
  Men Horses Meat Bread Forage Petrol (Galls)
1914
August
120,000 53,000 3,600,000 4,500,000 5,900,000 842,000
1918
November
3,000,000 500,000 67,500,000 90,000,000 32,250,000 13,000,000

These huge tonnages were moved through a complex chain of supply, which usually went boradly like this:

> From Britain via sea to a Base Port;
> By rail from the Base Port to a Divisional Railhead or an Advanced Supply Depot;
> By motor transport from Railhead or Advanced Supply Depot to a Divisional Refilling Point;
> By horsed transport to the forward dumps where goods were taken over by a unit's quartermaster;
> The unit itself would then move material by horse transport and man to the front line positions


The Base Depots

Base Depots were established at the Channel Ports in France and at other places on the lines of communication. Goods arrived in bulk by ship and were broken down into wagon-loads and sent on by rail to the Regulating Stations. General Base Depots were the centres for collecting, sorting and despatching reinforcements (see also Infantry Base Depots). The places selected for Base Depots became centres of very considerable industry, with hospitals, workshops, stores, etc. Most of the facilities of the Base Depots were manned and operated by the ASC (sometimes working with with infantry, Labour Corps or Royal Engineers depending on the job in hand). The bases established were:

Established Base Purpose
1914 Le Havre Supplies, reinforcements and remounts (horses).
No 1 General Base Depot for RGA.
No 2 General Base Depot for RHA and RFA.
No 3 General Base Depot for Canadian forces.
Army Service Corps Base Depot.
Army Ordnance Corps Base Depot.
Army Veterinary Corps Base Depot.
1914 Rouen Supplies, reinforcements and remounts, ordnance, mechanical transport, sick and wounded (hospitals).
No 4 General Base Depot for Royal Engineers.
No 5 General Base Depot for Cavalry and RAMC.
Territorial Force Base Depot.
Indian Advanced Base Depot.
Army Ordnance Corps Base Depot.
1914 Boulogne Supplies, ordnance, sick and wounded, veterinary, evacuation of wounded.
Army Ordnance Corps Base Depot.
1914 Dieppe Remounts, veterinary
1914 Abbeville Advanced Base
1914 Marseilles General Base Depot for Indian Divisions in France
1914 Etaples Most Infantry Base Depots.
Australian Base Depot, New Zealand Base Depot (these latter two switched with Canadian Base Depot in Le Havre in October 1916).
Machine Gun Corps Base Depot.
1914 Alexandria Base for the Levant (Egypt and Palestine).
1915 Grand Quévilly (near Rouen) Ammunition
1915 Audruicq (near St. Omer) Ammunition
1915 Calais Ordnance, remounts, sick and wounded.
Army Veterninary Corps Base Depot.
1916 Blargies Ammunition
1916 Zeneghem Ammunition
1916 Rouxmesnil Ammunition
1916 Saigneville Ammunition
1916 Dannes Ammunition
1917 Outreau (near Boulogne) Advanced Base


Horse Transport Companies of the ASC

Although the British Army was the most mechanised of all in the Great War, it still relied largely on horse power for the transportation of supplies, guns, ammunition and men.The ASC Horse Transport Companies were of different types, in the following categories (click on title to go to table listing all units of that type):

Depot Companies
Companies in Divisional Trains
Companies under command of higher formations
Reserve Park Companies
Small Arms Ammunition Park Companies
Local Auxiliary Transport Companies
Army Auxiliary Transport Companies
Donkey Companies

 

The ASC HT Depot Companies

The ASC Horsed Transport Depot Companies filled a variety of administrative, recruitment, induction, training and re-supply roles. The Base Depots were based in the United Kingdom or at the port of entry to a theatre of war. Advanced Depots were located further up the lines of communication.

ASC Company Remarks
1 Regular army. Used as depot and discharge centre. Based at Aldershot, Catterick, Bradford.
2 Regular army. Based at Woolwich. Also called No 3 Reserve HT depot.
3 Regular army. Based at Bradford. Also called No 4 Reserve HT depot.
10 Regular army. 1st Base Depot, based at Le Havre.
14 Regular army. 1st Advanced Depot, based at Rouen.
52 Regular army. Used as depot and discharge centre. Based at Aldershot, Catterick, Southport.

137 Formed in February 1915. 2nd Base Depot, based in Egypt.
314 Formed in April 1915. 2nd Advanced Depot. France.
394 Formed January 1915. 3rd Advanced Depot. Gallipoli, then Egypt.
573 Formed October 1915. 3rd Base Depot. Salonika.
579 Formed October 1915. 4th Advanced Depot. Salonika.
661 Formed April 1916. Reserve Depot, based at Park Royal, London.
662 Formed April 1916. Reserve Depot, based at Park Royal, London.
663 Formed April 1916. Reserve Depot, based at Park Royal, London.
664 Formed April 1916. Reserve Depot, based at Park Royal, London.
665 Formed April 1916. Reserve Depot, based at Blackheath, London.
666 Formed April 1916. Reserve Depot, based at Blackheath, London.
667 Formed April 1916. Reserve Depot, based at Blackheath, London.
668 Formed April 1916. Reserve Depot, based at Blackheath, London.
1045 Formed November 1917. 6th Advanced Depot. Italy.
1046 Formed November 1917. 2nd Base Depot. Arquata, Italy.
1062 Formed January 1918. Depot for Irish Command.
1122 Formed November 1918 for service in North Russia. Mule transport depot.

 

The ASC HT Companies in the Divisional Trains

Each Division of the army had a certain amount of transport under its own command, known as the Divisional Train. It was the 'workhorse' of the Division in terms of carrying stores and supplies, providing the main supply line to the transport of the brigades of infantry and artillery and other attached units. It initially comprised 26 officers and 402 other ranks of the Army Service Corps, looking after 378 horses, 17 carts, 125 wagons and 30 bicycles. These comprised a headquarters and 4 Horsed Transport Companies (one for each infantry Brigade and one for Divisional HQ and other troops). The Train moved with the Division. In all, there were 364 ASC Companies of this type.

ASC Company Remarks
4 Pre-war. 5th Division.
6 Pre-war. 5th Division.
7 Pre-war. 1st Division.
8 Pre-war. Initially 19th Infantry Brigade train, then 2nd Division and later 33rd Division from November 1915, switched for 172 Company.
11 Pre-war. 2nd Division, moving with 4th Brigade to Guards Division in August 1915.
13 Pre-war. 1st Division.
15

Pre-war. 3rd Division.

16 Pre-war. 1st Division.
17 Pre-war. 6th Division.
18 Pre-war. 4th Division.
19 Pre-war. 6th Division.
21 Pre-war. 3rd Division.
22 Pre-war. 3rd Division.
23 Pre-war. 6th Division.
24 Pre-war. 6th Division.
25 Pre-war. 4th Division.
27 Pre-war. 1st Cavalry Division.
28 Pre-war. 2nd Division.
29 Pre-war. 3rd Division.
31 Pre-war. 2nd Division.
32 Pre-war. 4th Division.
33 Pre-war. 5th Division.
35 Pre-war. 2nd Division.
36 Pre-war. 1st Division.
37 Pre-war. 5th Division.
38 Pre-war. 4th Division.
39 Pre-war. 7th Division.
40 Pre-war. 7th Division.
41 Pre-war. 8th Division.
42 Pre-war. 7th Division.
44 Pre-war. 7th Division.
84 Formed October 1914. 8th Division.
85 Formed October 1914. 8th Division.
86 Formed September 1914. 7th Division.
87 Formed October 1914. 8th Division.
95, 96, 97, 98 Formed November 1914. 27th Division. Transferred to 55th Division 1 January 1916.
100, 101, 102, 103 Formed August 1914. 14th (Light) Division.
104, 105, 106, 107 Formed August 1914. 9th (Scottish) Division.
108, 109, 110, 111 Formed August 1914. 10th (Irish) Division.
112, 113, 114, 115 Formed August 1914. 11th (Northern) Division. This train did not sail for Gallipoli. It joined 26th Division 1 April 1916.
116, 117, 118, 119 Formed August 1914. 12th (Eastern) Division.
120, 121, 122, 123 Formed August 1914. 13th (Western) Division. This train did not sail for Gallipoli. It moved to Egypt in November 1915 and joined 28th Division.
138, 139, 140, 141 Formed October 1914. 15th (Scottish) Division.
142, 143, 144, 145 Formed October 1914. 16th (Irish) Division.
146, 147, 148, 149 Formed October 1914. 17th (Northern) Division.
150, 151, 152, 153 Formed October 1914. 18th (Eastern) Division. Embarked for France 24-25 July 1915.
154, 155, 156, 157 Formed October 1914. 19th (Western) Division.
158, 159, 160, 161 Formed October 1914. 20th (Light) Division. Embarked for France 22 July 1915.
170, 171, 172, 173 Originally pre-war units of 1st London Division. Moved to 28th Division in December 1914, then to 33rd Division in November 1915 when 28th sailed for Salonika. 172 Company switched with 8 Company in late November 1915.
182, 183, 184, 185 Formed November 1914. 21st Division.
186, 187, 188, 189 Formed November 1914. 22nd Division. November 1915 did not move to Salonika, but remained in France and moved to 30th Division.
190, 191, 192, 193 Formed November 1914. 23rd Division.
194, 195, 196, 197 Formed November 1914. 24th Division.
198, 199, 200, 201 Formed November 1914. 25th Division.
202, 203, 204, 205 Formed November 1914. 26th Division. Did not sail for Salonika in November 1915, but moved to join 32nd Division.
213, 214, 215, 216 Formed January 1915 for 30th Division but joined 56th (1st London) Division in France in February 1916.
217, 218, 219, 220 Formed January 1915 for 31st Division with which it moved to Egypt, but when the Division moved to France it stayed, and was transferred to 52nd (Lowland) Division. Later, it moved to the North Persia Force as part of 13th (Western) Division.
221, 222, 223, 224 Formed January 1915 for 32nd Division but when the Division moved to France in November 1915 it stayed in England. It moved independently to France in March 1916, less 224 Company and was transferred to 31st Division.
225, 226, 277, 228 Formed January 1915. 33rd Division. Embarked for France 12 November 1915, but transferred in March 1916 to 29th Division.
229, 230, 231, 232 Formed January 1915. 34th Division.
233, 234, 235, 236 Formed January 1915. 35th Division.
246, 247, 248, 249 This was originally the Wessex Divisional Train from the Wessex Division. After seeing action in Gallipoli with 29th Division which it joined in February 1915, it transferred in Egypt to 53rd (Welsh) Division in March 1916.
251, 252, 253, 254 Formed at Enniskillen in November 1914. 36th (Ulster) Division.
284, 295, 286, 287 Formed March 1915. 39th Division.
288, 289, 290, 291 Formed March 1915. 37th Division.
292, 293, 294, 295 Formed March 1915. 40th Division.
296, 297, 298, 299 Formed March 1915. 41st Division.
330, 331, 332, 333 Formed April 1915. 38th (Welsh) Division.
424 Formed October 1914. 2nd Cavalry Division.
426 Formed December 1914. 1st Indian Cavalry Division.
427 Formed December 1914. 2nd Indian Cavalry Division.
428, 429, 430, 431 Formed January 1915 for Lahore Division. Transferred to 54th (East Anglian) Division in Egypt in February 1917. Renumbered 921, 922, 923 and 924 Companies in April 1917.
432, 433, 434, 435 Formed January 1915 for Meerut Division.
436 Formed July 1915. Guards Division.
437, 438, 439, 440 Formed February 1915. 1st Canadian Division.
447, 448, 449, 450 Pre-war. Redesignated from the East Lancs Divisional Transport and Supply Column, 17 January 1916. Remained in Egypt when Division moved to France, and in March 1917 it briefly joined 53rd (Welsh) Division. However in April 1917 it moved to 74th (Yeomanry) Division.
451, 452, 453, 454 Pre-war. 46th (North Midland) Division.
455, 456, 457, 458 Pre-war. 47th (2nd London) Division.
459, 460, 461, 462 Pre-war. 48th (South Midland) Division.
463, 464, 465, 466 Pre-war. 49th (West Riding) Division.
467, 468, 469, 470 Pre-war. 50th (Northumbrian) Division.
471, 472, 473, 474 Pre-war. 51st (Highland) Division.
475, 476, 477, 478 Pre-war. 52nd (Lowland) Division. This Train was transferred to 10th (Irish) Division in October 1915.
479, 480, 481, 482 Pre-war. 53rd (Welsh) Division. This Train did not embark for Gallipoli, and was transferred to 11th Division in June 1916.
483, 484, 485, 486 Pre-war. 54th (East Anglian) Division. This Train did not embark for Gallipoli, and was transferred to 27th Division in February 1916.
501, 502, 503, 504 Pre-war. 45th (2nd Wessex) Division. This Train remained at home.
505, 506, 507, 508 Formed September 1915. 55th (West Lancashire) Division. This train remained at home when the units of the Division moved to France. It was transferred to the 57th (2nd West Lancashire) Division.
509, 510, 511, 512 Formed September 1915. 58th (2nd/1st London) Division.
513, 514, 515, 516 Formed September 1915. 59th (2nd North Midland) Division.
517, 518, 519, 520 Formed September 1914. 60th (2nd/2nd London) Division.
521, 522, 523, 524 Formed September 1914. 61st (2nd South Midland) Division.
525, 526, 527, 528 Formed September 1915. 62nd (2nd West Riding) Division.
529, 530, 531, 532 Formed September 1915. 63rd (2nd Northumbrian) Division. Remained at home.
533, 534, 535, 536 Formed September 1915. 64th (2nd Highland) Division. Remained at home.
537, 538, 539, 540 Formed September 1915. 65th (2nd Lowland) Division. Remained at home.
541, 542, 543, 544 Formed September 1915. 66th (2nd East Lancashire) Division.
545, 546, 547, 548 Formed November 1915. 67th (2nd Home Counties) Division. Remained at home.
549, 550, 551, 552 Formed November 1915. 68th (2nd Welsh) Division. Remained at home.
553, 554, 555, 556 Formed November 1915. 69th (2nd East Anglian) Division. Remained at home.
672, 673, 674, 675 Formed June 1916. 2nd Canadian Division.
676, 677, 678, 679 Formed June 1916. 3rd Canadian Division.
741, 742, 743, 744 Formed June 1916. 1st Australian Division. Renumbered as 1, 2, 3 and 4 Companies Australian ASC in 1918.
745, 746, 747, 748 Formed June 1916. 2nd Australian Division. Renumbered as 20, 15, 16 and 17 Companies Australian ASC in 1918.
749, 750, 751, 752 Formed June 1916. New Zealand Division.
753, 754, 755, 756 Formed June 1916. 4th Australian Division. Renumbered as 14, 7, 26 and 27 Companies Australian ASC in 1918.
757, 758, 759, 760 Formed June 1916. 5th Australian Division. Renumbered as 10, 18, 28, 29 Companies Australian ASC in 1918.
761, 762, 763, 764 Formed July 1916. 63rd (Royal Naval) Division.
794, 795, 796, 797 Formed July 1916. 4th Canadian Division.
821, 822, 823, 824 Formed October 1916. 71st Division. Remained at home.
825, 826, 827, 828 Formed October 1916. 72nd Division. Remained at home.
829, 830, 831, 832 829 was previously 9th Provisional HT Company ASC. Others formed November 1916. 73rd Division. Remained at home until disbanded by 8 April 1918..
833, 834 Formed January 1917. 221st and 222nd Infantry Brigade Trains. Remained at home.
835, 836, 837, 838 Formed January 1917. 64th Division. Remained at home.
837 Formed January 1917. 68th Division. Remained at home.
838, 839 Formed January 1917. 67th Division. Remained at home.
867, 868, 869, 870 Formed November 1916. 3rd Australian Division. Renumbered as 22, 23, 24 and 25 Companies Australian ASC in 1918.
921, 922, 923, 924 Renumbered from 428-431 Companies in January 1917.
925, 926, 927, 928 Formed April 1917. 75th Division.
991, 992, 993, 994 Formed August 1917. Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division.
995, 996, 997, 998 Formed August 1917. Australian Mounted Division.
999, 1000, 1001, 1002 Formed August 1917. Yeomanry Mounted Division.
1103, 1104, 1105 Formed May 1918. 2nd Mounted Division.
1106 Formed May 1918. 20th (Gharwal) Brigade (Indian infantry brigade).
1152 Formed March 1919. Special Brigade in North Russia. Mule transport.
1153 Formed March 1919. North Russia. Mule transport.

 

The ASC HT Companies under command of higher formations

In a similar role to the Companies of the Divisional Trains, but under command of a Corps or an Army. See also the Army Auxiliary HT Companies

ASC Company Remarks
26 Pre-war. GHQ Troops in France.
124 Formed August 1914. GHQ Troops in France, it eventually moved to the Guards Divisional Train.
168 Formed October 1914. GHQ Troops in France, it eventually moved to the Guards Divisional Train.
206 Formed December 1914, Army Troops Home Forces.
1123 Formed September 1918. L of C Troops in North Russia.

 

The ASC HT Reserve Park Companies

The ASC Horsed Transport Reserve Park Companies filled a variety of administrative and back-up roles. Many of the Reserve Parks in France were converted into Army Auxiliary HT Companies in 1917. "GHQ Troops" means units at the disposal of the GHQ of the British Expeditionary Force in France, rather than under the command of a subordinate formation.

ASC Company Remarks
9 Pre-war. Served as 1 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
12 Pre-war. Served as 5 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
20 Pre-war. Served as 4 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
30 Pre-war. Served as 2 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
34 Pre-war. Served as 3 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
43 Pre-war. Served as 7 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.

88 Formed October 1914. Served as 8 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
99 Formed November 1914. Served as 27 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
125 Formed September 1914. Served as 9 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
126 Formed September 1914. Served as 10 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France. Absorbed into 5 Cavalry Reserve Park in June 1917.
127 Formed October 1914. Served as 11 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
128 Formed September 1914. Served as 12 Reserve Park. Did not proceed to France but was later converted into 19 Auxiliary HT Company and sent to Salonika.
130 Formed September 1914. Served as 14 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
162 Formed November 1914. Served as 15 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
163 Formed November 1914. Served as 16 Reserve Park. Did not proceed to France but was later converted into 18 Auxiliary HT Company and sent to Salonika.
164 Formed November 1914. Served as 17 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
165 Formed November 1914. Served as 18 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
166 Formed November 1914. Served as 19 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
167 Formed November 1914. Served as 20 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
174 Formed November 1914. Served as 28 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France. Later became 3 Cavalry Reserve Park.
207 Formed December 1914. Served as 21 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
208 Formed December 1914. Served as 22 Reserve Park. Did not proceed to France but was later converted into 12 Auxiliary HT Company and sent to Salonika.
209 Formed December 1914. Served as 23 Reserve Park. Did not proceed to France but was later converted into 13 Auxiliary HT Company and sent to Salonika.
210 Formed December 1914. Served as 24 Reserve Park. Later converted into a Brigade Supply Column for 7th Mounted Brigade, and saw service in Salonika and Turkey.
211 Formed December 1914. Served as 25 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
212 Formed December 1914. Served as 26 Reserve Park. Remained at home.
237 Formed April 1915. Served as 44 Reserve Park. Remained at home.
238 Formed February 1915. Served as 37 Reserve Park. Was later converted into 14 Auxiliary HT Company and sent to Salonika.
239 Formed February 1915. Served as 38 Reserve Park. Remained at home, although was formed for Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
240 Formed February 1915. Served as 39 Reserve Park. Remained at home (Cannock Chase), although was formed for Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
241 Formed February 1915. Served as 40 Reserve Park. Remained at home.
242 Formed February 1915. Served as 41 Reserve Park. Remained at home.
243 Formed February 1915. Served as 42 Reserve Park. Remained at home.
255 Formed May 1915. Served as 30 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
308 Formed April 1915. Served as 45 Reserve Park. Remained at home.
309 Formed April 1915. Served as 35 Reserve Park. Remained at home.
310 Formed April 1915. Served as 33 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops in France.
311 Formed April 1915. Served as 36 Reserve Park. Remained at home.
312 Formed January 1915. Served as 43 Reserve Park. Remained at home.
334 Formed April 1915. Served as 31 Reserve Park, GHQ Troops, and later Fourth Army Troops, in France.
362 Formed May 1915. Served as 34 Reserve Park. Was later converted into 21 Auxiliary HT Company and sent to Salonika.
487 Formed January 1916. Served as 50 Reserve Park. Remained at home.
488 Formed January 1916. Served as 51 Reserve Park. Remained at home.
489 Formed January 1916. Served as 52 Reserve Park. Remained at home.
490 Formed January 1916. Served as 53 Reserve Park. Remained at home.

 

The ASC HT Small Arms Ammunition Park Companies

An unusual type of unit responsible for storage and transport of small arms ammunition .

ASC Company Remarks
270 Formed February 1915 for the Royal Naval Division. Later served as Army Troops in Salonika.
275 Formed March 1915 for the Royal Naval Division.
276 Formed March 1915 for the Royal Naval Division.

 

The ASC HT Local Auxiliary Companies

A unit responsible for local transport services, mainly at home.

ASC Company Remarks
280 Formed March 1915. 1st Auxiliary HT Company. Based at Rouen.
281 Formed March 1915. 2nd Auxiliary HT Company. Based at Le Havre.
351 Formed March 1915. 3rd Auxiliary HT Company. Based at Bulford.
361 Formed May 1915. 4th Auxiliary HT Company. Based at Marseilles.
372 Formed June 1915. 5th Auxiliary HT Company. Based at Boulogne.
572 Formed October 1915. Station Staff Company. Based at Aldershot.
580 Formed December 1915. 7th Auxiliary HT Company. Based at Aldershot.
671 Formed June 1916. 9th Auxiliary HT Company. Based at Ismailia, Egypt.
728 Formed June 1916. Served the RE Signal Service Training Centre at Hitchin.
798 Formed January 1917. 15th Auxiliary HT Company. Based at Salonika.
799 Formed January 1917. 16th Auxiliary HT Company. Based at Salonika.
800 Formed January 1917. 17th Auxiliary HT Company. Based at Salonika.
879 Formed April 1917. 22nd Auxiliary HT Company. Based at Calais and Dunkirk.
900 Formed May 1917. 23rd Auxiliary HT Company. Based at Ramleh.
929 Formed July 1917. 25th Auxiliary HT Company. Based in France.
930 Formed May 1917. 24th Auxiliary HT Company. Based in Alexandria, Egypt.
1005 Formed August 1917. Local HT Company. Based in Malta.
1021 Formed October 1917. Local HT Company. Based at Bridge of Allan.
1022 Formed October 1917. Local HT Company. Based at Aberdeen.
1107 Formed July 1918. West Lancs Reserve Brigade TF, based at Blackheath
1108 Formed July 1918. Welsh Reserve Brigade TF, based at Herne Bay
1109 Formed July 1918. 2nd London Reserve Brigade TF, based at Bungay, then King's Lynn and later Aldershot
1110 Formed July 1918. Army Troops in Mesopotamia
1121 Formed July 1918. West Riding Reserve Brigade TF, based at Woodbridge and later Southend
1151 Formed March 1919. Based at Deptford for Supply Reserve Depot
1160 Formed July 1919. Army Troops in North Russia (Murmansk)
1161, 1162 Based at Deptford, details unknown
1163 Based at Woolwich, details unknown

 

The ASC HT Auxiliary Companies formed for the Armies

A unit responsible for miscellaneous transport services, under command of an Army HQ.

ASC Company Remarks
425 Formed May 1915. First Army Auxiliary HT Company.
443 Formed September 1915. Second Army Auxiliary HT Company.
571 Formed September 1915. Third Army Auxiliary HT Company.
574 Formed September 1915. 1st Cavalry Division Auxiliary HT Company.
575 Formed September 1915. 2nd Cavalry Division Auxiliary HT Company.
576 Formed September 1915. 3rd Cavalry Division Auxiliary HT Company.
577 Formed September 1915. 1st Indian Cavalry Division Auxiliary HT Company.
578 Formed September 1915. 2nd Indian Cavalry Division Auxiliary HT Company.
1047 Formed November 1917. 6th Army Division Auxiliary HT Company (for Italy).

 

The ASC Donkey Companies

Formed for the special conditions of the Palestine theatre of operations.

ASC Company Remarks
1 Donkey Coy Formed October 1917. GHQ Troops in Palestine. 762 donkeys on establishment
2 Donkey Coy Formed October 1917. GHQ Troops in Palestine, attached to 10th Division
3 Donkey Coy Formed December 1917. GHQ Troops in Palestine.


Mechanical Transport Companies

The British Army was the most mechanised of all in the Great War when it came to using motor vehicles for transport. A large total of ASC Mechanical Transport Companies eventually existed, in the following categories. Please note that the list is as yet incomplete, with more units to be added.

The ASC MT Depot Companies

The ASC Mechanical Transport Depot Companies filled a variety of administrative, recruitment, induction, training and re-supply roles. The Base Depots were based in the United Kingdom or at the port of entry to a theatre of war. Advanced Depots were located further up the lines of communication.

ASC Company Remarks
52 Regular army. Home depot. Used as depot and discharge centre. Based at Aldershot.
53 Regular army. 1st Base Depot in France.
54 Regular army. 1st Advanced Depot in France, at Rouen then Abbeville.
364 Formed May 1915. 2nd Base Depot in France, at Calais.
365 Formed May 1915. 2nd Advanced Depot in France.
500 Formed September 1915. 3rd Base Depot in Alexandria, Egypt.
557 Formed November 1915 as Special Base Depot for Middle East, but was converted before departure into an Ammunition Column.
598 Formed October 1915. 4th Base Depot in Salonika, at Kalamaria.
599 Formed October 1915. Base Depot and Repair Unit in East Africa.
  See also the MT Depots in the United Kingdom

The ASC MT Companies in the Divisional Supply Columns

Each Division of the army had a certain amount of motorised transport allocated to it, although not directly under its own command. The Divisional Supply Column Companies were responsible for the supply of goods, equipment and ammunition from the Divisional railhead to the Divisional Refilling Point and, if conditions allowed, to the dumps and stores of the forward units. Used, of course, where loads were heavy. A Company initially comprised 5 officers and 337 other ranks of the ASC, looking after 45 3-ton lorries, 16 30-cwt lorries, 7 motor cycles, 2 cars and 4 assorted trucks for the workshop and stores of the Supply Column itself. All Companies served in France unless otherwise mentioned.

ASC Company Remarks
44 Pre-war. 7th Division and later 3rd Division.
46 Pre-war. 2nd Cavalry Division.
48 Pre-war. 5th Division.
50 Pre-war. 6th Division.
57 Pre-war. 1st Cavalry Division.
58 Pre-war. 1st Cavalry Division.
59 Pre-war. 1st Division.
61 Pre-war. 2nd Division.
63 Pre-war. 3rd Division. Later attached to 18th Division.
65 Pre-war. 4th Division.
67 Pre-war. Meerut Division. Later attached to 38th (Welsh) Division.
69 Pre-war. Lahore Division. Later attached to 16th (Irish) Division.
71 Pre-war. 2nd Indian Cavalry Division. Later attached to 74th (Yeomanry) Division.
73 Pre-war. 3rd Cavalry Division.
74 Pre-war. 8th Division.
77 Pre-war. 27th Division. Later, attached to 55th (West Lancashire) Division and then 58th (2/st London) Division.
81 Formed September 1914. 3rd Cavalry Division.
82 Formed October 1914. 1st Indian Cavalry Division.
83 Formed November 1914. 2nd Indian Cavalry Division.
89 Formed October 1914. 1st Indian Cavalry Division. Later attached to 52nd (Lowland) Division.
131 Formed January 1915. 9th (Scottish) Division.
133 Formed January 1915. 10th (Irish) Division. Later, attached to 14th (Light) Division.
135 Formed January 1915. 11th (Northern) Division. Later, attached to 37th Division.
175 Formed January 1915. 12th (Eastern) Division.
177 Formed January 1915. 13th (Western) Division.
179 Formed January 1915. Formed for 14th (Light) Division, but soon transferred to 18th (Eastern) Division and later 34th Division.
181 Formed December 1914. Formed for 28th Division, but soon transferred to 33rd Division.
244 Formed January 1915. 29th Division. Transferred to 10th (Irish) Division for service in Salonika.
257 Formed January 1915. 17th (Northern) Division.
259 Formed January 1915. 15th (Scottish) Division, and later 32nd then 31st Division.
261 Formed February 1915. 17th (Northern) Division, and later 22nd then 30th Division.
263 Formed February 1915. 18th (Eastern) Division, and later 33rd then 56th (London) Division.
265 Formed February 1915. 19th (Western) Division, and later 15th (Scottish) Division then 51st (Highland) Division.
267 Formed March 1915. 20th (Light) Division.
271 Formed February 1915. 46th (North Midland) Division.
273 Formed November 1914. 2nd Mounted Division.
274 Formed February 1915. 42nd (East Lancashire) Division, but did not proceed to Egypt. Remained in UK as driver training company
277 Formed March 1915. 47th (London) Division.
300 Formed June 1915. 17th (Northern) Division, and from August 1918, 1st Australian Divsion.
302 Formed March 1915. 61st (2nd South Midland) Division.
304 Formed March 1915. 35th Division.
306 Formed March 1915. Guards Division.
321 Formed August 1914. 19th Brigade. Later, Supply Column to XI Corps in Italy.
328 Formed March 1915. 48th (South Midland) Division.
336 Formed March 1915. 50th (Northumbrian) Division. Later served in Italy with 7th Division.
338 Formed April 1915. 22nd Division. Later served in Egypt with 10th (Irish) Division and Salonika as army troops under GHQ command.
340 Formed May 1915. 23rd Division.
342 Formed May 1915. 24th Division.
344 Formed May 1915. 25th Division.
346 Formed June 1915. 34th Division in France, but moved to Salonika as army troops and then attached to 28th Division.
348 Formed March 1915. Remained in England.
349 Formed April 1915. 49th (West Riding) Division.
352 Formed April 1915. Formed for 15th (Scottish) Division but served in France with 32nd Division.
354 Formed April 1915. Formed for 52nd (Lowland) Division but served in France with 30th Division, 34th Division, 55th (2nd West Lancashire) Division.
374 Formed June 1915. Formed for 38th (Welsh) Division but served in France with 39th Division.
379 Formed July 1915. 36th (Ulster) Division.
395 Formed July 1915. 10th (Irish) Division. Did not proceed overseas and was absorbed into Labour Corps in June 1917.
396 Formed July 1915. 11th (Northern) Division. Did not proceed overseas and was absorbed into Labour Corps in June 1917.
397 Formed July 1915. 13th (Western) Division. Did not proceed overseas and was absorbed into Labour Corps in June 1917.
398 Formed July 1915. 53rd (Welsh) Division. Did not proceed overseas and was absorbed into Labour Corps in June 1917.
413 Formed September 1914. 2nd Cavalry Division. Absorbed into 46 Company ASC in October 1916.
414 Formed September 1914. 3rd Cavalry Division. Absorbed into 73 Company ASC in October 1916.
415 Formed September 1914. 1st Canadian Division.
441 Formed July 1915 for 52nd (Lowland) Division, but absorbed into 38 Labour Company ASC, March 1916.
442 Formed July 1915 for 54th (East Anglian) Division, but absorbed into 38 Labour Company ASC, March 1916.
494 Formed August 1915 for 39th Division but saw service in France with 41st Division, then Italy with 23rd Division.
496 Formed August 1915 for 40th Division but saw service in France with 29th Division.
498 Formed August 1915 for 41st Division but saw service in France with 2nd Australian Division, and in Italy with 17th and 41st Divisions.
570 Formed September 1915 and served as LOC troops in East Africa. Absorbed into 648 Company in June 1917..
600 Formed October 1915 as an Auxiliary (Petrol) Company, but was attached to 2nd Australian Division on arrival in France. In July 1917 it was formally transferred to the Australian ASC, and was renamed 2 Australian MT Company in August 1918.
608 Formed November 1915. 40th Division.
   

The ASC MT Companies allotted as Divisional Ammunition Parks

The MT Companies called Ammunition Parks operated dumps, or stores, of ammunition. This included the larger calibres of artillery shells which required special handling equipment, smaller shells, mortar rounds, grenades and small arms ammunition too. All saw service in France unless otherwise mentioned

ASC Company Remarks
45 Pre-war. 1st Cavalry Division and later GHQ Troops, as 12 Reserve Park MT.
47 Pre-war. Ammunition Sub-Park for 4th Division.
49 Pre-war. 5th Division. Later, Ammunition Sub-Park for 6th Division.
51 Pre-war. 6th Division. Later, 3 GHQ Ammunition Park, then 3 GHQ Reserve MT Company.
56 Pre-war. 2nd Cavalry Division and later GHQ Troops, as 2 Reserve Park MT.
60 Pre-war. Ammunition Sub-Park for 4th Division.
68 Pre-war. Ammunition Park for Lahore Division. When Indian Corps left France, became 1 GHQ Ammunition Park.
70 Pre-war. Ammunition Sub-Park for Meerut Division. When Indian Corps left France, became Sub-Park for 38th (Welsh) Division.
72 Pre-war. Ammunition Park for 2nd Indian Cavalry Division.
75 Pre-war. Ammunition Park for 8th Division. Later, became Artillery Park for 1st Army.
76 Pre-war. Ammunition Park for 3rd Cavalry Division. Later, became 7 GHQ Reserve MT Company.
78 Pre-war. Ammunition Park for 27th Division.
79 Formed October 1914. Ammunition Park for 1st Indian Cavalry Division. Later, became 9 GHQ Reserve MT Company.
80 Formed October 1914. Ammunition Park for 2nd Mounted Division. Later, became 21 Ammunition Sub-Park for IV Corps..
134 Formed January 1915. Ammunition Sub-Park for 10th (Irish) Division. Absorbed into 133 MT Company (a Divisional Supply Column) March 1918.
136 Formed January 1915. Ammunition Sub-Park for 11th (Northern) Division.
180 Formed January 1915. Ammunition Sub-Park for 14th (Light) Division. Absorbed into 179 MT Company (a Divisional Supply Column) March 1918.
245 Formed January 1915. 29th Division. Transferred to 10th (Irish) Division for service in Salonika.
258 Formed January 1915. 17th (Northern) Division.
260 Formed January 1915. 16th (Irish) Division.
262 Formed February 1915. 17th (Northern) Division, and later 22nd then 30th Division.
264 Formed February 1915. 18th (Eastern) Division, and later 33rd then 56th (London) Division.
266 Formed February 1915. 19th (Western) Division, and later 15th (Scottish) Division then 51st (Highland) Division.
268 Formed March 1915. 20th (Light) Division. Absorbed into 267 MT Company (the Divisional Supply Column) March 1918.
269 Formed February 1915. 46th (North Midland) Division.
278 Formed March 1915. 47th (London) Division. Absorbed into 267 MT Company (the Divisional Supply Column) March 1918.
301 Formed June 1915. 17th (Northern) Division, and from August 1918, 1st Australian Division. Absorbed into 300 MT Company (the Divisional Supply Column) March 1918.
303 Formed March 1915. 35th Division.
305 Formed March 1915. Ammunition Sub-Park for 35th Division. Absorbed into 304 MT Company (the Divisional Supply Column) March 1918.
307 Formed March 1915. Guards Division.
329 Formed March 1915. 48th (South Midland) Division.
337 Formed March 1915. 50th (Northumbrian) Division. Later served in Italy with XIV Corps. Absorbed into 336 MT Company (the Divisional Supply Column) March 1918.
339 Formed April 1915. 22nd Division. Did not move to Salonika, but was detached and moved to France, where it became 51 Auxiliary (Omnibus) Company.
341 Formed May 1915. 23rd Division. Did not proceed to Italy with Division, becoming 8 GHQ Ammunition Park.
343 Formed May 1915. 24th Division.
345 Formed May 1915. 25th Division. Later served in Italy with XI Corps. Absorbed into 733 MT Company (the Divisional Supply Column) February 1918.
347 Formed June 1915 for 34th Division but appears not to have moved to France. Was in Egypt and palestine as Lines of Communication unit.
350 Formed April 1915. 49th (West Riding) Division. Absorbed into 349 MT Company (the Divisional Supply Column) March 1918.
353 Formed April 1915. Formed for 15th (SCottish) Division but served in France with 32nd Division. Absorbed into 352 MT Company (the Divisional Supply Column) March 1918.
357 Formed April 1915. Formed for 52nd (Lowland Division) but served in France with 30th Division, 34th Division. Absorbed into 354 MT Company (the Divisional Supply Column) March 1918.
375 Formed June 1915. Formed for 38th (Welsh) Division but served in France with 39th Division. Absorbed into 374 MT Company (the Divisional Supply Column) March 1918.
380 Formed July 1915. 36th (Ulster) Division. Absorbed into 379 MT Company (the Divisional Supply Column) March 1918.
492 Formed August 1915. Ammunition Column for 2nd Australian Division. Absorbed into 600 MT Company (the Divisional Supply Column) March 1918.
497 Formed August 1915 for 40th Division but saw service in France with V Corps. Absorbed into 302 MT Company in March 1918.
597 Formed October 1915 as 29 Ammunition Sub-Park, but joined 26th Division as Supply Column and saw service in Salonika.
601 Formed October 1915 originally as Supply Column for IV Corps, but served in France as Amminition Sub-Park for 29th Division.
607 Formed November 1915 and became 2 Australian Ammunition Sub-Park, in X Corps. Later served in Italy.
   

The ASC MT Omnibus Companies

The army requisitioned and used buses as a means of transport for troops.

ASC Company Remarks
90 Formed October 1914. 1st Omnibus Company. Initially in Second Army area, later GHQ Troops.
91 Formed October 1914. 2nd Omnibus Company. Initially in First Army area, later GHQ Troops.
92 Formed October 1914. 3rd Omnibus Company.
93 Formed October 1914. 4th Omnibus Company. Initially in Second Army area, later GHQ Troops. Eventually converted to a MT Mobile Repair workshop.
339 Formed April 1915 as Ammunition Park for 22nd Division. Did not move to Salonika, but was detached and moved to France, where it became 51 Auxiliary (Omnibus) Company.
405 Formed July 1915. 15th Omnibus Company.
563 Formed August 1915. 16th Auxiliary (Omnibus) Company.
563 Formed September 1915. 18th Auxiliary (Omnibus) Company.
   

The ASC MT Companies attached to the Royal Garrison Artillery as Ammunition Columns / Parks

The heavy guns and howitzers of the RGA, with attendant equipment and ammunition, needed motorised transport to haul them. The MT Companies called Ammunition Parks operated dumps, or stores, of ammunition. The larger calibres of artillery shells required special mechanical handling equipment. All served in France unless otherwise mentioned.

ASC Company Remarks
94 Formed October 1914. Ammunition Park for 22 Siege Battery RGA. In October 1915, absorbed into 55 MT Company.
250 Formed February 1915. Ammunition Column for 7th Brigade RGA.
256 Formed February 1915. Ammunition Column for 1st Brigade RGA. Later under First Army as a Siege Park.
272 Formed March 1915. Ammunition Column for 12 Siege Battery RGA. Later under 1st ANZAC and the Australian Corps Heavy Artillery.
282 Formed March 1915. Ammunition Column for 15th Brigade RGA. Later under I Corps Heavy Artillery.
283 Formed March 1915. Ammunition Column for 19th Brigade RGA. Later under XVII Corps Heavy Artillery, and called G Siege Park.
335 Formed March 1915. Ammunition Column for 14th Brigade RGA. Later under XIII Corps Heavy Artillery.
363 Formed May 1915. Ammunition Column for 18th Brigade RGA. Later under V Corps Heavy Artillery.
376 Formed June 1915. Ammunition Column for 24th Brigade RGA. Later 43rd Siege Park, seeing service in Salonika.
377 Formed July 1915. Ammunition Column for 23rd Brigade RGA. Later Third Army Siege Park.
402 Formed July 1915. Ammunition Column for 25th Brigade RGA. Later 4th or D Corps Siege Park.
403 Formed July 1915. Ammunition Column for 26th Brigade RGA. Later II ANZAC or Y Corps Siege Park, and then XXII Corps Heavy Artillery.
406 Formed July 1915. Ammunition Column for 27th Brigade RGA. Later X Corps Siege Park, and then II and IV Corps Heavy Artillery.
416 Formed March 1915. Ammunition Column for 6th Brigade RGA.
417 Formed March 1915. Ammunition Column for 12th Brigade RGA.
491 Formed August 1915. Ammunition Column for 28th Brigade RGA. Later XI Corps Heavy Artillery, in Italy.
557 Formed November 1915 as Special Base Depot for Middle East, but was converted before departure into an RGA Ammunition Column. Was attached to 69 and then 68 Siege Batteries, in England. Finally, moved to France as an Auxiliary Horsed Transport Company for service with 4th Cavalry Division.
558 Formed November 1915 as Special Base Repair Unit for Middle East, but was converted before departure into Ammunition Columnfor 70 Siege Battery RGA.
560 Formed November 1915. Ammunition Column for 35 Siege Battery RGA. Did not exist after April 1916.
561 Formed October 1915. Ammunition Column for 50 Siege Battery RGA. Operated caterpillar engines. In March 1916, became an Army Troops unit for Third Army.
562 Formed August 1915. Ammunition Column for 30th Brigade RGA. Later served as Corps Siege Park for 1st ANZAC and then IV Corps.
565 Formed August 1915. Ammunition Column for 31st Brigade RGA. Later served as VI Corps Siege Park.
583 Formed September 1915. Ammunition Column for 22 Siege Battery RGA. Later served as 11 GHQ Reserve MT Company.
592 Formed September 1915. Ammunition Column for 32nd Brigade RGA. Served in France under VIII Corps.
593 Formed October 1915. Ammunition Column for 33rd Brigade RGA. Served in France under XIV Corps and VIII Corps, as "H" Siege Park.
594 Formed October 1915. Ammunition Column for 34th Brigade RGA. Served in France under II Corps, as "B" Siege Park, and then X Corps and "X" Siege Park.
602 Formed October 1915. Ammunition Column for 36th Brigade RGA and later absorbed into 48th Siege Battery RGA.
604 Formed November 1915. Ammunition Column for 65th Siege Battery RGA and became XV Corps Siege Park.
616 Formed December 1915. Ammunition Column for 58th Siege Battery RGA. Absorbed into battery 25 April 1916.
617 Formed December 1915. Ammunition Column for 60th Siege Battery RGA. Absorbed into battery 25 April 1916.
625 Formed January 1916. Ammunition Column for 49 Siege Battery in France. Later to XIII Corps and then Second Army
631 Formed January 1916. Ammunition Column for 38 Brigade RGA in East Africa.
632 Formed January 1916. Ammunition Column for Royal Marine Artillery Brigade in East Africa.
633 Formed January 1916. Ammunition Column for 134 (Cornwall) Heavy Battery in East Africa.
637 Formed January 1916. Ammunition Column for 80 Siege Battery in France. Absorbed into battery 7 June 1916.
641 Formed January 1916. Ammunition Column for 57 Siege Battery in France. Later to III Corps.
642 Formed January 1916. Ammunition Column for 61 Siege Battery in France. Absorbed into battery 25 April 1916.
643 Formed January 1916. Ammunition Column for 62 Siege Battery in France. Absorbed into battery 25 April 1916.
649 Formed February 1916. Ammunition Column for 66 Siege Battery in France. Absorbed into battery 25 April 1916.
651 Formed February 1916. Ammunition Column for 67 Siege Battery in France. Absorbed into battery 25 April 1916.
652 Formed February 1916. Ammunition Column for 68 and 89 Siege Batteries in France. Absorbed into battery 25 April 1916.
653 Formed March 1916. Ammunition Column for 76 Siege Battery in France.
654 Formed March 1916. Ammunition Column for 77 Siege Battery in France. Later for VIII Corps and then to Italy for XIV Corps.
655 Formed March 1916. Ammunition Column for 44 Brigade RGA in France.
658 Formed March 1916. Ammunition Column for 48 Brigade RGA in France.
691 Formed April 1916. Ammunition Column for 150 Brigade RGA in France.
739 Formed July 1916. Ammunition Column for 127 Siege Battery in Salonika.
740 Formed July 1916. Ammunition Column for 130 Siege Battery in Salonika.
765 Formed July 1916. Siege Park for 132 Siege Battery in Salonika.
788 Formed September 1916. Ammunition Column for 159 Heavy Battery in Mesopotamia.
789 Formed September 1916. Ammunition Column for 157 Heavy Battery in Mesopotamia.
809 Formed October 1916. Ammunition Column for 205 Siege Battery in Salonika.
810 Formed October 1916. Ammunition Column for 209 Siege Battery in Palestine, later 424 Siege Battery in Salonika..
811 Formed November 1916. Ammunition Column for 199 then 201 Siege Battery in Palestine.
901 Formed February 1917. Ammunition Column for 246 Siege Battery in Mesopotamia.
902 Formed February 1917. Ammunition Column for 257 Siege Battery in Mesopotamia.
903 Formed February 1917. Ammunition Column for 269 Siege Battery in Mesopotamia.
904 Formed February 1917. Ammunition Column for 10 and 195 Heavy Batteries in Palestine.
917 Formed March 1917. Ammunition Column for 292 Siege Battery in Salonika.
941 Formed April 1917. Formed April 1917 but absorbed on 1 May 1917. For 307 Siege Battery at home. Possibly later in Italy as GHQ Troops.
942 Formed April 1917. Formed April 1917 but absorbed on 1 May 1917. For 302 Siege Battery at home. Possibly later in Italy as GHQ Troops.
943 Formed April 1917 but absorbed on 1 May 1917. For 314 Siege Battery at home.
944 Formed April 1917 but absorbed on 1 May 1917. For 315 Siege Battery at home.
945 Formed April 1917 but absorbed on 1 May 1917. For 316 Siege Battery at home.
946 Formed April 1917 but absorbed on 1 May 1917. For 317 Siege Battery at home.
947 Formed April 1917 but absorbed on 1 May 1917. For 334 Siege Battery at home.
948 Formed April 1917 but absorbed on 1 May 1917. For 320 Siege Battery at home.
949 Formed April 1917 but absorbed on 1 May 1917. For 304 Siege Battery at home.
950 Formed April 1917 but absorbed on 1 May 1917. For 322 Siege Battery at home.
951 Formed April 1917. Ammunition Column for 189 Heavy Battery in Palestine.
952 Formed April 1917. Ammunition Column for 202 Heavy Battery in Palestine.
955 Formed April 1917. Ammunition Column for 300 Siege Battery in Palestine.
963 Formed June 1917. Ammunition Column for 378 Siege Battery in Palestine.
964 Formed June 1917. Ammunition Column for 379 Siege Battery in Palestine.
965 Formed June 1917. Ammunition Column for 380 Siege Battery in Palestine.
966 Formed June 1917. Ammunition Column for 383 Siege Battery in Palestine.
967 Formed June 1917. Ammunition Column for 387 Siege Battery in Palestine.
968 Formed June 1917. Ammunition Column for 384 Siege Battery in Mesopotamia.
969 Formed June 1917. Ammunition Column for 177 Heavy Battery in Mesopotamia.
980 Formed August 1917. Ammunition Column for 423 Siege Battery in Palestine.
981 Formed August 1917. Ammunition Column for 424 Siege Battery in Palestine.
982 Formed August 1917. Ammunition Column for 420 Siege Battery in Palestine.
983 Formed August 1917. Ammunition Column for 421 Siege Battery in Palestine.
984 Formed August 1917. Ammunition Column for 422 Siege Battery in Palestine.
988 Formed August 1917. Ammunition Column for 134 Siege Battery in Palestine.
989 Formed September 1917. Caterpillar tractor company for 205 Siege Battery in Palestine.
990 Formed September 1917. Caterpillar tractor company for 43 Siege Battery in Palestine.
1006 Formed September 1917. Ammunition Column for 440 Siege Battery in Palestine.
1007 Formed September 1917. Ammunition Column for 445 Siege Battery in Palestine.
1008 Formed September 1917. Ammunition Column for 443 Siege Battery in Palestine.
1028 Formed October 1917. Ammunition Column for 392, 294, 395 and 396 Siege Batteries in Mesopotamia. Became 34 (Indian) MT Coy on 6 May 1921.
1030 Formed October 1917. MT for a 6-inch howitzer Siege Battery in Palestine.
1031 Formed October 1917. MT for a 6-inch howitzer Siege Battery in Salonika.
1032 Formed October 1917. MT for a 6-inch howitzer Siege Battery in Salonika.
1037 Formed November 1917. GHQ Reserve / MT for Corps Heavy Artillery in Italy.
1071 Formed April 1918. Ammunition Column for 396 Siege Battery RGA in Salonika.
1072 Formed April 1918. Ammunition Column for 392 Siege Battery RGA in Palestine.
1073 Formed March 1918. Ammunition Column for 394 Siege Battery RGA in Palestine.
1083 Formed September 1918. Ammunition Column for 320 Siege Battery RGA in Salonika.
   

The ASC MT Auxiliary (Petrol) Companies

More transport units, using petrol-driven vehicles (they are not petrol tankers).

ASC Company Remarks
315 Formed March 1915. 3rd Company, based at Etaples. Lines of Communication troops under GHQ command.
316 Formed March 1915. 4th Company. Provided local transport at Rouen. Lines of Communication troops under GHQ command. Operated steam tractors.
317 Formed March 1915. 5th Company.
318 Formed March 1915. 6th Company. Provided local transport at Boulogne.
587 Formed September 1915. 17th Company. Under Second Army command.
589 Formed September 1915. 19th Company. Under First Army command. Absorbed into 384 Company (Army Troops MT) in March 1918.
590 Formed September 1915. 20th Company. Provided local transport and worked on forestry at Rouen.
591 Formed September 1915. 21st Company. Under Third Army command. Absorbed into 371 Company (Army Troops MT) in March 1918.
600 Formed October 1915 as an Auxiliary (Petrol) Company, but was attached to 2nd Australian Division on arrival in France. In July 1917 it was formally transferred to the Australian ASC, and was renamed 2 Australian MT Company in August 1918.

The ASC MT Auxiliary (Steam) Companies

More transport units, using steam-driven vehicles.

ASC Company Remarks
356 Formed April 1915. 7th Steam Company. Lines of Communication troops under GHQ command.
366 Formed May 1915. 8th Steam Company. Lines of Communication troops under GHQ command.
367 Formed May 1915. 9th Steam Company. Lines of Communication troops under Second Army command.
   

The ASC MT Motor Ambulance Convoy Companies

Specialised motorised transport used on the lines for evacuation of casualties.

ASC Company Remarks
323 Formed March 1915. 5 Motor Ambulance convoy, under Second Army.
324 Formed March 1915. 6 Motor Ambulance convoy, under Third Army.
325 Formed March 1915. 7 Motor Ambulance convoy, under First Army. Moved to Salonika.
326 Formed March 1915. 8 Motor Ambulance convoy, under First Army.
355 Formed April 1915. 9 Motor Ambulance convoy, under Second Army and later in Salonika.
359 Formed May 1915. 10 Motor Ambulance convoy, under Fourth Army.
378 Formed July 1915. 11 Motor Ambulance convoy, under Fourth Army.
418 Formed October 1914. 1 Motor Ambulance convoy, under GHQ.
419 Formed October 1914. 2 Motor Ambulance convoy, under Second Army.
420 Formed October 1914. 3 Motor Ambulance convoy, under Fourth Army.
421 Formed August 1915. 4 Motor Ambulance convoy, under Fifth Army.
559 Formed August 1915. 12 Motor Ambulance convoy, under Fifth Army.
566 Formed August 1915. 13 Motor Ambulance convoy, under First Army.
567 Formed August 1915. 14 Motor Ambulance convoy, under Second Army.
568 Formed August 1915. 15 Motor Ambulance convoy, under First Army.
569 Formed August 1915. 16 Motor Ambulance convoy, under Third Army.
595 Formed October 1915. 17 Motor Ambulance convoy. Served in Salonika.
618 Formed January 1916. 18 Motor Ambulance convoy. Served in East Africa.
626 19 Motor Ambulance convoy
627 25 Motor Ambulance convoy
628 26 Motor Ambulance convoy
629 27 Motor Ambulance convoy
638 20 Motor Ambulance convoy
639 21 Motor Ambulance convoy
640 22 Motor Ambulance convoy
645 24 Motor Ambulance convoy
656 23 Motor Ambulance convoy
699 29 Motor Ambulance convoy
704 30 Motor Ambulance convoy
705 31 Motor Ambulance convoy
771 32 Motor Ambulance convoy
773 33 Motor Ambulance convoy. Served in Mesoptamia.
787 34 Motor Ambulance convoy
894 35 Motor Ambulance convoy
908 36 Motor Ambulance convoy
909 37 Motor Ambulance convoy
911 39 Motor Ambulance Company (Lines of Communication troops)
920 38 Motor Ambulance convoy
970 40 Motor Ambulance convoy
1049 42 Motor Ambulance convoy
1060 43 Motor Ambulance convoy
1075 44 Motor Ambulance convoy
1078 1 Motor Ambulance Transport Company
1091 45 Motor Ambulance convoy
1129 47 Motor Ambulance convoy

The ASC MT Heavy Repair Shops

The forerunner of the REME of the Second World War.

ASC Company Remarks
319 Formed March 1915. 1st Heavy Repair Shop, based at Paris. Lines of Communication troops under GHQ command.
320 Formed March 1915. 2nd Heavy Repair Shop, based at Rouen. Lines of Communication troops under GHQ command.
358 Formed May 1915. 3rd Heavy Repair Shop. Lines of Communication troops under GHQ command.
404 Formed July 1915. 2nd Mobile Repair Unit. Lines of Communication troops under Third Army command. Known to have been in Saint-Omer and Albert.
422 Formed January 1915. 1 Workshop, repairing and maintaining Ant-Aircraft Batteries.
423 Formed June 1915. 2 Workshop, repairing and maintaining Ant-Aircraft Batteries. Served in Italy from late 1917.
558 Formed November 1915 as Special Base Repair Unit for Middle East, but was converted before departure into Ammunition Column for 70 Siege Battery RGA.
584 Formed September 1915. 3rd Mobile Repair Unit. Lines of Communication troops under Second Army command.
   

The ASC MT Bridging and Pontoon Companies

ASC Company Remarks
360 Formed May 1915. 4th Bridging Train, and later called a Pontoon Park. Fourth Army in France, and later in Italy.
370 Formed May 1915. 6th Bridging Train, and later called a Pontoon Park. Third Army in France.

The ASC MT Local Auxiliary Companies

ASC Company Remarks
603 Formed in November 1915 and moved to Malta, remaining there as 22 Local Auxiliary Coy.
606 Formed in November 1915 and remained in London as 23 Local Auxiliary Coy.
612 Formed in January 1916 and remained in York as 24 Local Auxiliary Coy.
613 Formed in January 1916 and remained in Liverpool as 25 Local Auxiliary Coy.
614 Formed in January 1916 and remained in Edinburgh as 26 Local Auxiliary Coy.
615 Formed in January 1916 and remained in Dublin as 27 Local Auxiliary Coy.


The Army Remounts Service

The ASC Remounts Service was responsible for the provisioning of horses and mules to all other army units. See the ASC Remounts Service page

 


ASC Labour Companies

In France and Flanders it was soon discovered in 1914 that the local authorities could not supply civilian men for labouring duties such as helping the BEF disembark its stores and equipment from ships. The War Office arranged to send 300 labourers for these duties. More followed, and by the end of December 1914 they had been formed into 5 Labour Companies of the ASC. They were numbered 1 to 5. Many more Companies were formed in 1914 and 1915, but none are well documented.

Each Company consisted of 6 officers and 530 other ranks. Numbers 1 and 2 Labour Companies were officially formed at Aldershot on 24-25 August 1914. A number of Foremen and Gangers were recruited in the early weeks, to act as NCOs. Approximately 21,000 skilled labourers and dock workers had joined by the end of 1915. However, the Companies were not destined to remain for long: 28 were absorbed into the newly-created Labour Corps between February and June 1917; 8 other Companies were disbanded between January 1915 and June 1917, with personnel from 3 of these Companies being transferred to the Royal Marines.

ASC Railway Labour Companies

The first specialised railway labour company was formed in January 1915, doubling to two in October 1915. They eventually took the numbers 33 and 34 Railway Labour Companies. Detachments were based at Le Havre, Bailleul, Steenwerck, Caestre and Strazeele.