The New Zealand and Australian Division

History

A New Zealand Expeditionary Force of just under 8500 men, volunteers for overseas service drawn from the recently raised Territorial Force, sailed from home on 14 October 1914. En route they linked up with an Australian brigade and, original intentions of going to England having been changed, together arrived at Egypt on 3 December 1914.

1915

- 2 February 1915: two battalions involved in defending against Turkish attack on Suez Canal
- 1 April 1915 : Division receives orders to prepare to make amphibious assault at Gallipoli
- 25 April 1915 : Division lands at what was to become forever known as ANZAC Beach
- Gallipoli campaign. (8 August 1915 : a key date particularly for New Zealand history as the force assaulted Chunuk Bair.)
The Division withdrew from Gallipoli in late 1915.

1916

Reconstituted as the New Zealand Division in February and March 1916

Order of battle

Divisional headquarters

 

Headquarters

under whose command came the Infantry Brigades and the other divisional troops listed below


New Zealand Brigade

 

Wellington Battalion

 

Canterbury Battalion

 

Auckland Battalion

 

Otago Battalion

 

Maori Battalion

Under command from February 1915


4th Australian Brigade

 

13th Australian Infantry

 

14th Australian Infantry

 

15th Australian Infantry

 

16th Australian Infantry

 


Divisional Mounted Troops

 

Otago Mounted Rifles

attached to New Zealand Brigade

New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade

attached to New Zealand Brigade

Auckland, Canterbury and Wellington Mounted Rifles

attached to New Zealand Brigade

1st Australian Light Horse Brigade

consisted of 1st, 2nd and 3rd Australian Light Horse, attached to 4th Australian Brigade

3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade

consisted of 8th, 9th and 10th Australian Light Horse, attached to 4th Australian Brigade


Divisional Royal Artillery

 

1st New Zealand Brigade RFA

 

2nd New Zealand Brigade RFA

Formed at Gallipoli in July 1915


Divisional Royal Engineers

 

1st New Zealand Field Company RE

 

2nd New Zealand Field Company RE

 

4th Australian Field Company RE

 

New Zealand and Australian Divisional Signal Company RE

 


Divisional Royal Army Medical Corps

 

New Zealand and Australian Field Ambulance RAMC

 

4th Australian Field Ambulance RAMC

 

New Zealand and Australian Mounted Field Ambulance RAMC

Formed May 1915


Other Divisional Troops

 

4th Australian Light Horse

Attached to 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade in April 1915

12th Australian Light Horse

Arrived Egypt July 1915, attached to 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade August-December 1915

New Zealand and Australian Divisional Train

A unit of the Army Service Corps. Formed January 1915.

New Zealand and Australian Movile Veterinary Section

A unit of the Army Veterinary Corps. Formed January 1915.


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Related information

IWMNew Zealanders return to Gallipoli by picket boat after a rest in Lemnos. Returning from leave was always the occasion for depression. Image courtesy of the Imperial War Museum.

Memorial
The New Zealand Gallipoli memorial at Chunuk Bair faces a memorial to their doughty opponent, Kemal Ataturk. Image courtesy of the Gallipoli and the Anzacs website, with thanks.

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See more Anzac titles here

Links


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