The 3rd Canadian Division in 1914-1918

The history of 3rd Canadian Division

On 24 June 1915 the British Government enquired whether Canada could supply any more formed bodies of troops. It was decided that there were enough reserve and surplus troops already overseas and the 3rd Division began to form in France in December 1915. A shortage of artillery led to the guns of the 3rd (Lahore) Division of the Indian Corps being attached. The Division fought in many of the major actions of the war, including:

1916
The Battle of Mount Sorrel
The Battle of Flers-Courcelette*
The Battle of Thiepval*
The Battle of Le Transloy*
The Battle of the Ancre Heights*
The battles marked * are phases of the Battles of the Somme 1916

1917
The Battle of Vimy**
The Attack on La Coulotte**
The Third Battle of the Scarpe**
Operations towards Lens**
The affairs south of Souchez river**
The capture of Avion**
The Battle of Hill 70**
The battles marked ** are phases of the Arras Offensive
The Second Battle of Passchendaele (a phase of the Third Battle of Ypres)

1918
The Canadian Divisions were not affected by the restructuring of the army to having three brigades per Division, that took place in the British Divisions in February 1918. They were not involved in the defensive fighting against the German attack in spring 1918.
The Battle of Amiens and actions around Damery
The Battle of the Scarpe and the capture of Monchy le Preux+
The battles marked + are phases of the Second Battles of Arras 1918
The battle of the Canal du Nord and the capture of Bourlon Wood^
The Battle of Cambrai and the capture of the town^
The battles marked ^ are phases of the Battles of the Hindenburg Line
The pursuit to the Selle
The Battle of Valenciennes and the capture of Mons

The Division was not selected to advance into Germany and demobilisation commenced in late 1918. Most elements crossed to England in February 1919 and home soon after.

The order of battle of the 3rd Canadian Division

7th Canadian Brigade  
Royal Canadian Regiment  
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry  
42nd Bn, the Canadian Infantry (Royal Highlanders)  
49th Bn, the Canadian Infantry (Edmonton)  
7th Canadian Machine Gun Company formed April 1916
left to move into 3rd Canadian MG Battalion March 1918
7th Canadian Trench Mortar Battery joined June 1916
8th Canadian Brigade  
1st Bn, the Canadian Mounted Rifles  
2nd Bn, the Canadian Mounted Rifles )  
4th Bn, the Canadian Mounted Rifles  
5th Bn, the Canadian Mounted Rifles  
8th Canadian Machine Gun Company formed March 1916
left to move into 3rd Canadian MG Battalion March 1918
8th Canadian Trench Mortar Battery joined June 1916
9th Canadian Brigade  
43rd Bn, the Canadian Infntry (Cameron Highlanders)  
52nd Bn, the Canadian Infantry (North Ontario)  
58th Bn, the Canadian Infantry (Central Ontario)  
60th Bn, the Canadian Infantry (Victoria Rifles)  
9th Canadian Machine Gun Company formed April 1916
left to move into 3rd Canadian MG Battalion March 1918
9th Canadian Trench Mortar Battery formed May 1916
Divisional Troops under direct command of Divisional HQ
3rd Canadian Pioneer Battalion joined January 1916, retitled from 48th Bn, the Canadian Infantry
15th Canadian Machine Gun Company joined February 1917
left to move into 3rd Canadian MG Battalion March 1918
3rd Canadian Machine Gun Battalion formed March 1918
3rd Canadian Divisional Train ASC later titled 676, 677, 678 and 679 Companies
3rd Canadian Mobile Veterinary Section AVC  
3rd Canadian Divisional Employment Company joined June 1917
Divisional Mounted Troops under direct command of Divisional HQ
Service Sqn, the 1st Hussars joined February 1916, left May 1916
3rd Canadian Cyclist Company joined February 1916, left May 1916
Eaton's Armoured Motor Battery joined February 1916, left December 1916
Divisional Artillery  
V Brigade, RFA British unit. Joined 20 March 1916, left 13 July 1916
XVIII Brigade, RFA British unit. Joined 20 March 1916, left 13 July 1916
8th Canadian Brigade, RFA joined July 1916, left June 1917
9th Canadian Brigade, RFA joined July 1916
10th Canadian Brigade, RFA joined July 1916
11th Canadian Brigade, RFA joined July 1916, broken up June 1917
3rd Canadian Divisional Ammunition Column  
W.3.C Heavy Trench Mortar Battery RFA joined June 1916, retitled as V.3.C in 1918
X.3.C, Y.3.C and Z.3.C Medium Mortar Batteries RFA formed March 1916; in February 1918, Z broken up and batteries reorganised to have 6 x 6-inch weapons each
Royal Engineers Field Companies formed into a 3rd Brigade in June 1918
7th Canadian Field Company  
8th Canadian Field Company  
9th Canadian Field Company  
3rd Canadian Divisional Signals Company  
Royal Army Medical Corps  
8th Canadian Field Ambulance  
9th Canadian Field Ambulance  
10th Canadian Field Ambulance