The 28th Division in 1914-1918

The history of 28th Division

As regular units from the further garrisons of Empire arrived back in England, many having waited until a Territorial unit had gone out to replace them, they were formed up into three Divisions, numbered 27th to 29th. The 28th was formed at Hursley, Pitt Hill and Magdalen Hill Camps near Winchester in December 1914 - January 1915 and was rushed as a much-needed reinforcement to France. Shortage of some types of units were filled by Territorial units taken from other Divisions. The units of the Division embarked at Southampton and landed at Le Havre on 16-19 January 1915 and then moved to concentrate in the area between Bailleul and Hazebrouck. The Division subsequently took part in these actions:

1915
The Second Battle of Ypres
The Battle of Loos

The Division was ordered on 19 October 1915 to to prepare to sail. The first units left Marseilles for Alexandria (Egypt) five days later and all units (except XXXI and CXLVI Brigades RFA) were there by 22 November. The Division was then ordered on to Salonika and completed its disembarkation on 4 January 1916.

1916
2 October 1916: the occupation of Mazirko
31 October 1916: the capture of Barakli Jum'a

1917
15 May 1917: the capture of Ferdie and Essex Trenches (near Barakli Jum'a)
16 October 1917: the capture of Barakli and Kumli

1918
The Division lost a number of units in mid 1918; they were transferred to France
18-19 September 1918: the Battle of Doiran
22-28 September 1918: the pursuit to the Strumica valley

Hostilities with Bulgaria ceased on 30 September, with the Division by then in the area of Trnovo. The Division was ordered in early November to move to Gallipoli to occupy the Dardanelles Forts. On 14 November 85th Brigade arrived at Constantinople and Divisional HQ was established at Chanak

The order of battle of the 28th Division

83rd Infantry Brigade This Brigade was temporarily under the command of 5th Division between 3 March and 7 April 1915, when it was replaced in 28th Division by 15th Brigade from that Division.
2nd Bn, the King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment)  
2nd Bn, the East Yorkshire Regiment  
1st Bn, the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry left June 1918
1st Bn, the York & Lancaster Regiment  
1/5th Bn, the King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) joined March 1915, left October 1915
1/3rd Bn, the Monmouthshire Regiment joined March 1915, left September 1915. Absent May to August 1915 when amalgamated with its sister 1/1st and 1/2nd Bns following serious casualties at Ypres
83rd Machine Gun Company formed 21 May 1916
83rd Trench Mortar Battery formed 12 September 1916, original title No 4 TMB
83rd SAA Section Ammunition Column formed May 1916
   
84th Infantry Brigade This Brigade was temporarily under the command of 5th Division between 23 February and 7 April 1915, when it was replaced in 28th Division by 13th Brigade from that Division.
2nd Bn, the Northumberland Fusiliers left June 1918
1st Bn, the Suffolk Regiment  
2nd Bn, the Cheshire Regiment  
1st Bn, the Welsh Regiment  
1/6th Bn, the Welsh Regiment joined July 1915, left October 1915
1/1st Bn, the Monmouthshire Regiment joined February 1915, left September 1915
1/12th Bn, the London Regiment joined February 1915, left May 1915
84th Machine Gun Company formed 18 May 1916
84th SAA Section Ammunition Column joined May 1916
84th Trench Mortar Battery joined 7 November 1916
   
85th Infantry Brigade Brigade transferred temporarily to 3rd Division between 19 February 1915 and 6 April 1915. It was replaced by the 9th Brigade from that Division.
2nd Bn, the Buffs (East Kent Regiment)  
3rd Bn, the Royal Fusiliers left July 1918
2nd Bn, the East Surrey Regiment  
3rd Bn, the Middlesex Regiment left November 1916
1/8th Bn, the Middlesex Regiment joined March 1915, left June 1915
85th Machine Gun Company formed 18 May 1916
85th Trench Mortar Battery formed September 1916, original title No 5 TMB
85th SAA Section Ammunition Column joined May 1916
   
Composite Infantry Brigade Following serious casualties at Ypres in April 1915 a Composite Brigade was formed, composed of the 2nd Buffs, 2nd Cheshire Regiment, 1st Welsh Regiment and 1st Bn York & Lancaster Regiment. It was dissolved on 19 May 1915 and the formation assumed its normal configuration.
As above  
228th Infantry Brigade This Brigade was formed on 26 February 1917 as Army Troops, although it was always associated with this Division. It came under the command of the Greek Crete Division from 30 September 1918 and was broken up on 4 October 1918.
2nd (Garrison) Bn, the King's (Liverpool Regiment)  
2/5th Bn, Durham Light Infantry  
1st Garrison Bn, Seaforth Highlanders  
2nd Garrison Bn, Royal Irish Fusiliers left August 1917
22nd Bn, the Rifle Brigade joined November 1916
277th Machine Gun Company formed 11 September 1917, originally as 228th Company
228th Trench Mortar Battery formed 18 September 1917
228th Signal Section RE formed 15 March 1917
143rd Field Ambulance RAMC formed 19 March 1917
   
Divisional Troops under direct command of Divisional HQ
23rd Bn, the Welsh Regiment joined as Divisional Pioneer Battalion in August 1916
28th Divisional Train 120, 21, 122 and 123 Companies ASC joined from 13th Division in November 1915
17th Mobile Veterinary Section AVC  
819th Divisional Employment Company formed 14 September 1917
28th Divisional Motor Ambulance Workshop joined February 1915 but remained in France when Division moved to Salonika
   
Divisional Mounted Troops under direct command of Divisional HQ
B Sqn, the Surrey Yeomanry left 27 December 1916
28th Divisional Cyclist Company, Army Cyclist Corps left 8 December 1916
   
Divisional Artillery  
III Brigade, RFA  
XXXI Brigade, RFA  
CXLVI Brigade, RFA left August 1917
VIII (Howitzer) Brigade, RFA attached from 5th Division between 21 February and 23 June 1915
28th Divisional Ammunition Column RFA Division also retained the Brigade Ammunition Columns
71 and 121 Heavy Batteries, RGA joined 18 January 1915, left 6 April 1915
61st Howitzer Battery, RFA attached between 21 February 1915 and June 1915
CXXX (Howitzer) Brigade, RFA joined September 1915
13 Heavy Battery, RGA raised for 13th Division, the Battery was ordered to France on 30 May 1915 as part of XVII Heavy Brigade. On 23 October 1915, it joined 28th Division and moved to Salonika. On 26 February, left Division and joined XXXVII Heavy Brigade
7th Mountain Battery, RGA attached between 30 December 1915 and 18 June 1916
IV Highland Mountain Brigade, RGA joined December 1916, left 10 September 1918
LIV Brigade, RFA joined August 1917
III Mountain Brigade, RGA joined 16 September 1918
   
Royal Engineers  
1st (North Midland) Field Company left April 1915
1st (Northumbrian) Field Company left June 1915
3rd (London) Field Company left April 1915
38th Field Company joined April 1915
17th Field Company joined June 1915
2/1st (North Midland) Field Company joined 19 June 1915, left 10 July 1915
2/1st (Northumbrian) Field Company joined July 1915, later renamed 449th Field Coy
1/7th (Hampshire) Field Company joined October 1915, later renamed 506th Field Coy
Home Counties Divisional Signals Company  
   
Royal Army Medical Corps  
84th (2nd London) Field Ambulance  
85th (3rd London) Field Ambulance  
86th (2nd Northumbrian) Field Ambulance  
15th (London) Sanitary Section