The 22nd Division in 1914-1918

The history of 22nd Division

This Division was established in September 1914 as part of Army Order 388 authorising Kitchener's Third New Army, K3. The units began to assemble in the area of Eastbourne and Seaford, with the artillery at Lewes, from September 1914. The Division remained in these areas, other than when the infantry moved for two weeks entrenchment training to Maidstone in April 1915, as it was trained and equipped.

The Division crossed to France in early September 1915, all units being concentrated near Flesselles by 9th of the month. But the stay in France was to be very short.

On 27 October 1915, the Division, having been moved by train to Marseilles, began to embark for Salonika. It completed concentration there in November, although the final artillery units were still coming in as late as 13 December 1915. The 22nd Division remained in the theatre for the rest of the war, taking part in the following operations:

1915
8-13 December: the Retreat from Serbia (Advanced Divisional HQ, 6th Brigade, 9th Border and 68th Field Ambulance only)

1916
10-18 August 1916: the Battle of Horseshoe Hill
13-14 September 1916: the Battle of Machukovo

1917
24-25 April and 8-9 May 1917: the Battles of Doiran

1918
The Division lost a number of units in mid 1918; they were transferred to France
18-19 September 1918: the Battle of Doiran

An Armistice with Bulgaria was signed on 30 September 1918.

By 18-20 October, units of the Division had marched back to Stavros. Here they embarked on destroyers with the intention of a landing at Dede Agach to continue the fight against Turkey. After one attempt was called off due to rough weather, the infantry finally landed on 28 October 1918. On reaching Makri, the Division learned that an Armistice with Turkey was imminent. Demobilisation began at Chugunsi and the Division ceased to exist by 31 March 1919.

The 22nd Division had suffered casualties of 7,728 killed, wounded and missing during the war but vastly larger numbers sick with malaria, dysentery and other diseases rife in the Salonika theatre.

The order of battle of the 22nd Division

65th Brigade  
9th Bn, the King's Own  
14th Bn, the King's (Liverpool Regiment) left 11 June 1918
12th Bn, the Lancashire Fusiliers left 2 July 1918
9th Bn, the East Lancashire Regiment  
65th Machine Gun Company joined 14 July 1916
65th SAA Section Ammunition Column joined by 17 July 1916
65th Trench Mortar Battery joined 3 November 1916
8th Bn, the South Wales Borderers joined July 1918
   
66th Brigade  
9th Bn, the Border Regiment left February 1915
9th Bn, the South Lancashire Regiment  
8th Bn, the King's Shropshire Light Infantry  
13th Bn, the Manchester Regiment left 28 June 1918
12th Bn, the Cheshire Regiment joined February 1915
66th Machine Gun Company joined 14 July 1916
66th SAA Section Ammunition Column joined by 17 July 1916
66th Trench Mortar Battery joined 5 November 1916
   
67th Brigade  
11th Bn, the Royal Welsh Fusiliers  
7th Bn, the South Wales Borderers  
8th Bn, the South Wales Borderers left 30 June 1918
11th Bn, the Welsh Regiment  
67th Machine Gun Company joined 14 July 1916
67th SAA Section Ammunition Column joined by 17 July 1916
67th Trench Mortar Battery joined 4 November 1916
   
Divisional Troops  
12th Bn, the Cheshire regiment left February 1915
10th Bn, the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment left April 1915
9th Bn, the North Staffordshire Regiment left April 1915
9th Bn, the Border Regiment joined as Divisional Pioneer Battalion in February 1915
10th Bn, the Hampshire Regiment joined January 1919, left February 1919
2nd Bn, the QVO Rajput Light Infantry joined January 1919, left February 1919
10th Bn, the Hampshire Regiment joined January 1919, left February 1919
1/10th Bn, the Jats briefly in January 1919
95th Bn, Russell's Infantry joined January 1919, left February 1919
   
Divisional Mounted Troops  
D Sqn, the Lothians & Border Horse Yeomanry joined July 1915, left 29 November 1916
22nd Divisional Cyclist Company, Army Cyclist Corps formed February 1915, left November 1916
   
Divisional Artillery  
XCVIII Brigade, RFA  
XCIX Brigade, RFA  
C Brigade, RFA  
CI Brigade, RFA  
22nd Divisional Ammunition Column RFA transferred to become 'A' Section of XII Corps Ammunition Column, January 1915. 22nd Division retained the Brigade Ammunition Columns
22nd Heavy Battery, RGA raised with the Division but moved to France joining XXIII Heavy Artillery Brigade on 31 August 1915
   
Royal Engineers  
87th Field Company left February 1915
88th Field Company left February 1915
99th Field Company joined February 1915
100th Field Company joined February 1915
127th Field Company joined by June 1915
22nd Divisional Signals Company  
   
Royal Army Medical Corps  
66th Field Ambulance  
67th Field Ambulance  
68th Field Ambulance  
39th Sanitary Section  
   
Other Divisional Troops  
22nd Divisional Train ASC 186, 187, 188 and 189 Coys ASC joined October 1914 but moved to 30th Division when 22nd Division left France; 108, 109, 110 and 111 Coys ASC joined from 10th (Irish) Division when in Salonika
34th Mobile Veterinary Section AVC  
816th Divisional Employment Company formed 10 October 1917
22nd Divisional Motor Ambulance Workshop remained in France

Memorial

There is no history of the Division.